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  Beyond arrows on a map: the dynamics of Homo sapiens dispersal and occupation of Arabia during Marine Isotope Stage 5

Nicholson, S. L., Hosfield, R., Groucutt, H. S., Pike, A. W., & Fleitmann, D. (2021). Beyond arrows on a map: the dynamics of Homo sapiens dispersal and occupation of Arabia during Marine Isotope Stage 5. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, 62: 101269. doi:10.1016/j.jaa.2021.101269.

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Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Nicholson, Samuel Luke, Author
Hosfield, Rob, Author
Groucutt, Huw S.1, Author              
Pike, Alistair W.G., Author
Fleitmann, Dominik, Author
Affiliations:
1Max Planck Research Group Extreme Events, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_3262629              

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Free keywords: Human dispersals, Arabia, Climate, Arid environments
 Abstract: Arabia occupies a crucial central position between Africa and Eurasia. The northward expansion of the monsoonal rain-belt and the formation of grasslands during Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 5 provided favourable conditions for Homo sapiens to occupy and traverse now arid areas of Arabia. While “Green Arabia” may have been a crucial stepping-stone on the way to H. sapiens global settlement, the occupation of Arabia is an important area of study in itself and could offer vital perspectives on human-environment interactions. In particular, Green Arabia can offer a unique insight into processes of human dispersal, occupation and extirpation in an environmentally fluctuating landscape. Here we synthesise archaeological, palaeoclimate and ethnographic data to develop a holistic model for the occupation of Green Arabia and offer targets for future research. We suggest that, on broad timescales, the resource availability and carrying capacity of Green Arabia facilitated rapid population expansion and occupation across Arabia. On human time-scales, dispersal was probably a slow process due to the requirements of metapopulation structures, likely consisting of many “micro-dispersals” spanning numerous generations. Transitions to more arid conditions were probably echoed by local hominin extirpations, dispersals into surrounding regions and retraction to resource-retaining core areas.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-02-202021-06
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: 1. Introduction
2. Arabian climate and palaeoclimate
2.1. Current climates and environments of Arabia
2.2. Palaeoclimate and environment of Arabia during MIS 5 wet periods
2.3. Archaeology
2.3.1. Northern Arabia
2.3.2. Southern Arabia
2.3.3. Summary
3. H. sapiens in Green Arabia
3.1. Dispersal
3.2. Occupation
3.3. Decline
4. Summary and conclusion
5. Targets for future research
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.jaa.2021.101269
Other: shh2863
 Degree: -

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Title: Journal of Anthropological Archaeology
Source Genre: Journal
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Affiliations:
Publ. Info: Amsterdam : Elsevier
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 62 Sequence Number: 101269 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0278-4165
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/0278-4165