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  Inhibition of mouse erythroid band 3-mediated chloride transport by site-directed mutagenesis of histidine residues and its reversal by second site mutation of Lys 558, the locus of covalent H2DIDS binding

Müller-Berger, S., Karbach, D., König, J., Lepke, S., Wood, P. G., Appelhans, H., et al. (1995). Inhibition of mouse erythroid band 3-mediated chloride transport by site-directed mutagenesis of histidine residues and its reversal by second site mutation of Lys 558, the locus of covalent H2DIDS binding. Biochemistry, 34(29), 9315-9324. doi:10.1021/bi00029a006.

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Müller-Berger, Suzanne1, Author           
Karbach, Doris2, Author           
König, Jörg3, Author
Lepke, Sigrid1, Author           
Wood, Phillip G.2, Author           
Appelhans, Heribert1, Author           
Passow, H.1, Author           
Affiliations:
1Emeritusgroup Cell Physiology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society, ou_3273412              
2Department of Biophysical Chemistry, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society, ou_2068289              
3Institut für Biophysikalische Chemie der Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, ou_persistent22              

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 Abstract: Substitution by site-directed mutagenesis of any one of the histidine residues H721, H837, and H852 by glutamine, or of H752 by serine, inhibits Cl- flux mediated by band 3 expressed in Xenopus oocytes. Mutation of Lys 558 (K558N), the site of covalent binding of H2DIDS (4,4'-diisothiocyanostilbene-2,2'-disulfonate) in the outer membrane surface, in combination with any one of the His/Gln mutations leads to partial (H721Q; H837Q) or complete (H852Q) restoration of Cl- flux. In contrast, inhibition of Cl- flux by mutation of proline or lysine residues in the vicinity of His 837 at the inner membrane surface cannot be reversed by the second-site mutation K558N, indicating specificity of interaction between Lys 558 and His 837. The histidine-specific reagent diethyl pyrocarbonate (DEPC) is known to inhibit band 3-mediated anion exchange in red blood cells [Izuhara, K., Okubo, K., & Hamasaki, N. (1989) Biochemistry 28, 4725-4728]. It was also found to inhibit transport after expression in the oocyte of wild-type band 3, of the double mutants of the histidines listed above, and of the single mutant H752S. The effects on the wild type and the double mutants were indistinguishable, while the mutant H752S exhibited a considerably reduced sensitivity to inhibition, suggesting that His 752 is the most prominent site of action of DEPC. According to a hydrophobicity plot of band 3 and further independent evidence, Lys 558, the mutated histidines, and Glu 699, the mutation of which was also found to inhibit Cl- flux [Müller-Berger, S., Karbach, D., Kang, D., Aranibar, N., Wood, P. G., Rüterjans, H., & Passow, H. (1995) Biochemistry 34, 9325-9332], are most likely located in five different transmembrane helices. The interactions between Lys 558 and the various histidines suggest that these helices reside in close proximity. Together with the helix carrying Glu 699, they could form an access channel lined with an array of alternating histidine and glutamate residues. Together with a chloride ion bridging the gap between His 852 and His 837, they could have the potential to form, at low pH, a transmembrane chain of hydrogen bonds. The possible functional significance of such channel is discussed.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 1995-05-121994-10-311995-07-25
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 10
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1021/bi00029a006
PMID: 7626600
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Title: Biochemistry
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Columbus, Ohio : American Chemical Society
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 34 (29) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 9315 - 9324 Identifier: ISSN: 0006-2960
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925384103