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  Age- and sex-specific standard scores for the reading the mind in the eyes test

Kynast, J., Polyakova, M., Quinque, E. M., Hinz, A., Villringer, A., & Schroeter, M. L. (2021). Age- and sex-specific standard scores for the reading the mind in the eyes test. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, 12: 607107. doi:10.3389/fnagi.2020.607107.

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 Creators:
Kynast, Jana1, 2, Author              
Polyakova, Maryna1, 2, Author              
Quinque, Eva Maria1, 3, Author              
Hinz, Andreas4, Author
Villringer, Arno1, 2, 3, Author              
Schroeter, Matthias L.1, 2, 3, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634549              
2Leipzig Research Center for Civilization Diseases (LIFE), University of Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
3Clinic for Cognitive Neurology, University of Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
4Department of Medical Psychology and Medical Sociology, University of Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Theory of mind; Mindreadin; Reading the Mind in the Eyes test; Social cognition; Neuropsychological testing; Cognitive aging; Dementia
 Abstract: The reliable, valid and economic assessment of social cognition is more relevant than ever in the field of clinical psychology. Theory of Mind is one of the most important socio-cognitive abilities but standardized assessment instruments for adults are rare. The Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test (RMET) is well-established and captures the ability to identify mental states from gaze. Here, we computed standard scores for the German version of the RMET derived from a large, community-dwelling sample of healthy adults (20–79 years). The standardization sample contains 966 healthy adult individuals of the population-based Leipzig Research Center for Civilization Diseases (LIFE) study. Before standardization, weighting factors were applied to match the current sample with distribution characteristics of the German population regarding age, sex, and education. RMET scores were translated into percentage ranks for men and women of five age groups (20–29, 30–39, 40–49, 50–59, 60+ years). Age-specific percentage ranks are provided for men and women. Independent of age, men present a larger variance in test scores compared to women. Within the specific age groups, women score higher and their scoring range is less variable. With increasing age, the scoring variance increases in both men and women. This is the first study providing age- and sex-specific RMET standard scores. Data was weighted to match German population characteristics, enabling the application of standard scores across German-speaking areas. Our results contribute to the standardized assessment of socio-cognitive abilities in clinical diagnostics.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-09-162020-12-282021-01-28
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3389/fnagi.2020.607107
Other: eCollection 2020
PMID: 33633559
PMC: PMC7902000
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Grant ID : SCHR 774/5-1
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Funding organization : German Research Foundation (DFG)

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Title: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
  Abbreviation : Front Aging Neurosci
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Lausanne : Frontiers Research Foundation
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 12 Sequence Number: 607107 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1663-4365
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1663-4365