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  Betrayal through obedience: on the history of the unusual inflectional chain in Siyuewu Khroskyabs

Lai, Y. (2021). Betrayal through obedience: on the history of the unusual inflectional chain in Siyuewu Khroskyabs. Linguistic Typology, 2021-2075. doi:10.1515/lingty-2021-2075.

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Lai, Yunfan1, 2, Author              
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1Linguistic and Cultural Evolution, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074311              
2CALC, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2385703              

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Free keywords: affix order; grammaticalisation; inflectional prefixes; Khroskyabs; prefixing preference; rGyalrongic; Siyuewu; suffixing preference; trans-Himalayan
 Abstract: This paper focuses on the verbal inflection chain of Siyuewu Khroskyabs, a Gyalrongic language (Trans-Himalayan). Siyuewu Khroskyabs goes against two general typological tendencies: first, as an SOV language, it shows an overwhelming preference for prefixes, which is rarely reported typologically; second, the inflectional prefixes in the outer slots are older than those in the inner slots, which is the reverse case of most languages. In this paper, I will first identify distinct historical layers within the inflectional prefixes, and then focus on two of the prefixes, də- ‘even’ and ɕə- ‘q’ whose evolutionary pathways are relatively clear. The essential part of the hypotheses is that the prefixes originate from enclitics which could be attached to the end of a preverbal chain, originally loosely attached to the verb stem. The preverbal chain later became tightly attached to the verbal stem and eventually became a part of it as a chain of prefixes. As a result, the original enclitics are reanalysed as prefixes. The integration of preverbal morphemes is responsible for the prefixing preference in Modern Siyuewu Khroskyabs. However, despite this superficial prefixing preference, Siyuewu Khroskyabs underlyingly favours postposed morphemes. By following the general suffixing tendency, this language finally managed to create a typologically rare, overwhelmingly prefixing verbal template.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-02-09
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 44
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: 1 Introduction
1.1 The suffixing preference
1.2 Correlation between affix age and position
1.3 The betrayal of Khroskyabs
2 The prefixing preference of Siyuewu Khroskyabs
3 Morphophonology of the Khroskyabs inflectional chain
3.1 Autonomous markers in the first slots (R-1, R-2, IRR-2)
3.1.1 Orientational prefixes
3.1.2 Negative markers
3.1.3 Interrogative â
3.2 Non-autonomous markers (R-1, R-2, IRR-1, IRR-2)
3.2.1 Inverse marker
3.2.2 Interrogative â
3.2.3 Irrealis â
3.2.4 HL tone conditional
3.3 Prefixes undergoing fusion (R-3 and IRR-3)
3.3.1 Sensory râ
3.3.2 Attenuative imperative ^o-
3.3.3 Conditional zâ
3.4 Wordhood of the Siyuewu verb
4 The historical layers of the Siyuewu inflectional chain
4.1 Degree of fusion and compatibility
4.2 Productivity and usage constraints
4.2.1 Orientational prefixes
4.2.2 Negative prefixes
4.2.3 â- ‘Q’ and <> ‘Q’
4.2.4 Conditional markers and the irrealis category
4.2.5 Productive prefixes
4.2.6 Summary
4.3 Cross-Gyalrongic comparison
4.3.1 Orientational prefixes
4.3.2 Interrogative â
4.3.3 Irrealis â
4.3.4 Negative prefixes
4.3.5 Inverse marker
4.3.6 Attenuative imperative ^mo-
4.4 Identification of the historical layers
5 How prefixes are integrated
5.1 da- ‘even’ and =da ‘also, even’
5.2 ‘Q’ and ‘Q’
5.3 Integration of da- ‘even’
5.3.1 Semantic narrowing from =da ‘also, even’ to da- ‘even’
5.3.2 Simplification of double verb construction and clitic reassignment
5.4 Integration of ‘Q’
5.5 An alternative hypothesis
6 Discussion and conclusion
 Rev. Type: No review
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1515/lingty-2021-2075
Other: shh2870
 Degree: -

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Title: Linguistic Typology
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Berlin : Mouton de Gruyter
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: 2021-2075 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1430-0532
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/110978984253496