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  Initial Upper Palaeolithic humans in Europe had recent Neanderthal ancestry

Hajdinjak, M., Mafessoni, F., Skov, L., Vernot, B., Hübner, A., Fu, Q., et al. (2021). Initial Upper Palaeolithic humans in Europe had recent Neanderthal ancestry. Nature, 592, 253-257. doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03335-3.

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© The Author(s) 2021 This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license,visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
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 Creators:
Hajdinjak, Mateja1, Author              
Mafessoni, Fabrizio1, Author              
Skov, Laurits2, Author              
Vernot, Benjamin1, Author              
Hübner, Alexander1, 3, Author              
Fu, Qiaomei, Author
Essel, Elena1, Author              
Nagel, Sarah4, Author              
Nickel, Birgit1, Author              
Richter, Julia4, Author              
Moldovan, Oana Teodora, Author
Constantin, Silviu, Author
Endarova, Elena, Author
Zahariev, Nikolay, Author
Spasov, Rosen, Author
Welker, Frido5, Author              
Smith, Geoff M.5, Author              
Sinet-Mathiot, Virginie5, Author              
Paskulin, Lindsey, Author
Fewlass, Helen5, Author              
Talamo, Sahra5, Author              Rezek, Zeljko5, Author              Sirakova, Svoboda, AuthorSirakov, Nikolay, AuthorMcPherron, Shannon P.5, Author              Tsanova, Tsenka5, Author              Hublin, Jean-Jacques5, Author              Peter, Benjamin1, Author              Meyer, Matthias4, Author              Skoglund, Pontus, AuthorKelso, Janet6, Author              Pääbo, Svante1, 7, Author               more..
Affiliations:
1Department of Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Society, ou_1497672              
2Genetic Diversity through Space and Time, Department of Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Society, ou_2559696              
3Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, Kahlaische Str. 10, 07745 Jena, DE, ou_2074310              
4Advanced DNA Sequencing Techniques, Department of Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Society, ou_2074332              
5Department of Human Evolution, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Society, ou_1497673              
6The Minerva Research Group for Bioinformatics, Department of Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Society, ou_2074303              
7Neandertals and more, Department of Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Society, Deutscher Platz 6, 04103 Leipzig, DE, ou_2074328              

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 Abstract: Modern humans appeared in Europe by at least 45,000 years ago1,2,3,4,5, but the extent of their interactions with Neanderthals, who disappeared by about 40,000 years ago6, and their relationship to the broader expansion of modern humans outside Africa are poorly understood. Here we present genome-wide data from three individuals dated to between 45,930 and 42,580 years ago from Bacho Kiro Cave, Bulgaria1,2. They are the earliest Late Pleistocene modern humans known to have been recovered in Europe so far, and were found in association with an Initial Upper Palaeolithic artefact assemblage. Unlike two previously studied individuals of similar ages from Romania7 and Siberia8 who did not contribute detectably to later populations, these individuals are more closely related to present-day and ancient populations in East Asia and the Americas than to later west Eurasian populations. This indicates that they belonged to a modern human migration into Europe that was not previously known from the genetic record, and provides evidence that there was at least some continuity between the earliest modern humans in Europe and later people in Eurasia. Moreover, we find that all three individuals had Neanderthal ancestors a few generations back in their family history, confirming that the first European modern humans mixed with Neanderthals and suggesting that such mixing could have been common.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-04-07
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1038/s41586-021-03335-3
 Degree: -

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Title: Nature
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Nature Publishing Group
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 592 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 253 - 257 Identifier: ISSN: 0028-0836
ISSN: 1476-4687