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  Young children share more under time pressure than after a delay

Plötner, M., Hepach, R., Over, H., Carpenter, M., & Tomasello, M. (2021). Young children share more under time pressure than after a delay. PLoS ONE, 16: e0248121. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0248121.

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Plötner_Young_PLoSOne_2021.pdf (Publisher version), 671KB
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© 2021 Plo¨tner et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Plöttner_Young_PLoSOne_2021_Suppl.zip (Supplementary material), 53KB
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 Creators:
Plötner, Maria1, Author              
Hepach, Robert1, Author              
Over, Harriet1, Author              
Carpenter, Malinda1, Author              
Tomasello, Michael1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department of Developmental and Comparative Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Society, ou_1497671              

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 Abstract: Adults under time pressure share with others generously, but with more time they act more selfishly. In the current study, we investigated whether young children already operate in this same way, and, if so, whether this changes over the preschool and early school age years. We tested 144 children in three age groups (3-, 5-, and 7-year olds) in a one-shot dictator game: Children were given nine stickers and had the possibility to share stickers with another child who was absent. Children in the Time Pressure condition were instructed to share quickly, whereas children in the Delay condition were instructed to take time and consider their decision carefully. Across ages, children in the Time Pressure condition shared significantly more stickers than children in the Delay condition. Moreover, the longer children waited, the less they shared. Thus, children, like adults, are more prosocial when acting spontaneously than after considering their decision more carefully.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-03-16
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 10
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0248121
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Title: PLoS ONE
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Public Library of Science
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 16 Sequence Number: e0248121 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1932-6203