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  Ancient genomic time transect from the Central Asian Steppe unravels the history of the Scythians

Gnecchi-Ruscone, G. A., Khussainova, E., Kahbatkyzy, N., Musralina, L., Spyrou, M. A., Bianco, R. A., et al. (2021). Ancient genomic time transect from the Central Asian Steppe unravels the history of the Scythians. Science Advances, 7(13): eabe4414. doi:10.1126/sciadv.abe4414.

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Gnecchi-Ruscone, Guido Alberto1, 2, Author              
Khussainova, Elmira, Author
Kahbatkyzy, Nurzhibek, Author
Musralina, Lyazzat1, Author              
Spyrou, Maria A.1, Author              
Bianco, Raffaela A., Author              
Radzeviciute, Rita1, Author              
Martins, Nuno Filipe Gomes1, Author              
Freund, Caecilia1, Author              
Iksan, Olzhas, Author
Garshin, Alexander, Author
Zhaniyazov, Zhassulan, Author
Bekmanov, Bakhytzhan, Author
Kitov, Egor, Author
Samashev, Zainolla, Author
Beisenov, Arman, Author
Berezina, Natalia, Author
Berezin, Yakov, Author
B{í}ró, András Zsolt, Author
Évinger, Sándor, Author
Bissembaev, Arman, AuthorAkhatov, Gaziz, AuthorMamedov, Aslan, AuthorOnggaruly, Akhan, AuthorVoyakin, Dmitriy, AuthorChotbayev, Aidos, AuthorKariyev, Yeldos, AuthorBuzhilova, Alexandra, AuthorDjansugurova, Leyla, AuthorJeong, Choongwon1, Author              Krause, Johannes1, 2, Author               more..
Affiliations:
1Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074310              
2Department of Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Society, ou_3222712              

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 Abstract: The Scythians were a multitude of horse-warrior nomad cultures dwelling in the Eurasian steppe during the first millennium BCE. Because of the lack of first-hand written records, little is known about the origins and relations among the different cultures. To address these questions, we produced genome-wide data for 111 ancient individuals retrieved from 39 archaeological sites from the first millennia BCE and CE across the Central Asian Steppe. We uncovered major admixture events in the Late Bronze Age forming the genetic substratum for two main Iron Age gene-pools emerging around the Altai and the Urals respectively. Their demise was mirrored by new genetic turnovers, linked to the spread of the eastern nomad empires in the first centuries CE. Compared to the high genetic heterogeneity of the past, the homogenization of the present-day Kazakhs gene pool is notable, likely a result of 400 years of strict exogamous social rules.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-03-24
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abe4414
BibTex Citekey: Gnecchi-Rusconeeabe4414
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Title: Science Advances
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: American Association for the Advancement of Science
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 7 (13) Sequence Number: eabe4414 Start / End Page: - Identifier: -