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  Towards a rigorous understanding of societal responses to climate change

Degroot, D., Anchukaitis, K., Bauch, M., Burnham, J., Carnegy, F., Cui, J., et al. (2021). Towards a rigorous understanding of societal responses to climate change. Nature, 591(7851): s41586-021-03190-2, pp. 539-550. doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03190-2.

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PDF available in institutes network. - Fig. 1: geographical locations ; Fig. 2-4: additional information & methods ; supplementary references. - (last seen: April 2021)

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 Creators:
Degroot, Dagomar, Author
Anchukaitis, Kevin, Author
Bauch, Martin, Author
Burnham, Jakob, Author
Carnegy, Fred, Author
Cui, Jianxin, Author
de Luna, Kathryn, Author
Guzowski, Piotr, Author
Hambrecht, George, Author
Huhtamaa, Heli, Author
Izdebski, Adam1, Author              
Kleemann, Katrin, Author
Moesswilde, Emma, Author
Neupane, Naresh, Author
Newfield, Timothy, Author
Pei, Qing, Author
Xoplaki, Elena, Author
Zappia, Natale, Author
Affiliations:
1Palaeo-Science and History, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2600691              

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Free keywords: Climate-change impacts, History, Palaeoclimate
 Abstract: A large scholarship currently holds that before the onset of anthropogenic global warming, natural climatic changes long provoked subsistence crises and, occasionally, civilizational collapses among human societies. This scholarship, which we term the ‘history of climate and society’ (HCS), is pursued by researchers from a wide range of disciplines, including archaeologists, economists, geneticists, geographers, historians, linguists and palaeoclimatologists. We argue that, despite the wide interest in HCS, the field suffers from numerous biases, and often does not account for the local effects and spatiotemporal heterogeneity of past climate changes or the challenges of interpreting historical sources. Here we propose an interdisciplinary framework for uncovering climate–society interactions that emphasizes the mechanics by which climate change has influenced human history, and the uncertainties inherent in discerning that influence across different spatiotemporal scales. Although we acknowledge that climate change has sometimes had destructive effects on past societies, the application of our framework to numerous case studies uncovers five pathways by which populations survived—and often thrived—in the face of climatic pressures.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-03-242021-03-25
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 12
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: Methodological challenges in HCS
Challenges in statistical approaches
Challenges in qualitative approaches
A research framework for HCS
Case studies of resilience
Exploiting new opportunities
Resilient energy systems
Resources of trade and empire
Political and institutional adaptations
Migration and transformation
Better histories for better futures
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1038/s41586-021-03190-2
Other: shh2896
 Degree: -

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Title: Nature
  Abbreviation : Nature
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London : Nature Publishing Group
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 591 (7851) Sequence Number: s41586-021-03190-2 Start / End Page: 539 - 550 Identifier: ISSN: 0028-0836
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925427238