English
 
Help Privacy Policy Disclaimer
  Advanced SearchBrowse

Item

ITEM ACTIONSEXPORT
  A tale of two hearth sites: Neolithic and intermittent mid to late Holocene occupations in the Jubbah oasis, northern Saudi Arabia

Guagnin, M., Shipton, C., Martin, L., Kingwell-Banham, E., Breeze, P., Graham, L., et al. (2021). A tale of two hearth sites: Neolithic and intermittent mid to late Holocene occupations in the Jubbah oasis, northern Saudi Arabia. Archaeological Research in Asia, 26: 100278. doi:10.1016/j.ara.2021.100278.

Item is

Basic

show hide
Genre: Journal Article

Files

show Files

Locators

show

Creators

show
hide
 Creators:
Guagnin, Maria1, Author              
Shipton, Ceri, Author
Martin, Louise, Author
Kingwell-Banham, Eleanor, Author
Breeze, Paul, Author
Graham, Lisa, Author
Ott, Florian, Author
Stewart, Mathew2, Author              
El-Dossary, Sarah, Author
Zahrani, Badr, Author
Al-Omari, Abdulaziz, Author
Alsharekh, Abdullah M., Author
Petraglia, Michael1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              
2Max Planck Research Group Extreme Events, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_3262629              

Content

show
hide
Free keywords: Neolithic, Settlement, Pastoralism, Saudi Arabia, Holocene, Climate
 Abstract: Hearth sites are characteristic of Holocene occupation in the Arabian sand seas but remain mostly unstudied. Excavations of two multi-period hearth sites in the Jebel Oraf palaeolake basin, in the oasis of Jubbah, now substantially increase our knowledge of these sites. In total, 17 of 170 identified hearths were excavated at Jebel Oraf 2 (ORF2), an open-air site on the edge of a palaeolake. In addition, 11 hearths were excavated at the stratified site of Jebel Oraf 115 (ORF115), a rockshelter formed by two boulders. Radiocarbon dating and lithic assemblages indicate that the majority of these hearths were in use in the second half of the 6th millennium BCE, and that both sites were used sporadically until the recent past. All hearths appear to have been extremely short-lived, and faunal remains suggest they may have been used to cook meat from hunted or trapped wildlife, and occasionally from livestock. The frequent use of grinding stones, often broken into fragments and used to cover hearths is also attested. Evidence for the exceptionally early use of metal from dated occupation deposits as well as from rock art, shows that these short-lived sites were well connected to technological innovations in the wider region.

Details

show
hide
Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-03-302021-06
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: 1. Introduction
1.1. Archaeological and environmental background
2. Material and methods
3. ORF2 results
3.1. Hearths
3.2. ORF2 lithics
3.3. ORF2 faunal remains
3.3.1. Identifiable specimens and undiagnostic bone fragments (Tables A3 and A4)
4. ORF115 results
4.1. Neolithic occupation
4.2. Chalcolithic/EEEarly BBronze AAge occupation
4.3. Late Bronze Age occupation
4.4. Historic/Iron Age occupation
4.5. ORF115 lithics
4.6. ORF115 faunal remains
5. Phytoliths (ORF2 and ORF115)
6. Discussion
7. Conclusion
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.ara.2021.100278
Other: shh2898
 Degree: -

Event

show

Legal Case

show

Project information

show

Source 1

show
hide
Title: Archaeological Research in Asia
Source Genre: Journal
 Creator(s):
Affiliations:
Publ. Info: Amsterdam : Elsevier
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 26 Sequence Number: 100278 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2352-2267
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2352-2267