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  Unearthing Neanderthal population history using nuclear and mitochondrial DNA from cave sediments

Vernot, B., Zavala, E. I., Gómez-Olivencia, A., Jacobs, Z., Slon, V., Mafessoni, F., et al. (2021). Unearthing Neanderthal population history using nuclear and mitochondrial DNA from cave sediments. Science, eabf1667. doi:10.1126/science.abf1667.

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 Creators:
Vernot, Benjamin1, Author              
Zavala, Elena I.2, Author              
Gómez-Olivencia, Asier, Author
Jacobs, Zenobia, Author
Slon, Viviane1, Author              
Mafessoni, Fabrizio3, Author              
Romagné, Frédéric1, Author              
Pearson, Alice1, Author              
Petr, Martin4, Author              
Sala, Nohemi, Author
Pablos, Adrián, Author
Aranburu, Arantza, Author
de Castro, José María Bermúdez, Author
Carbonell, Eudald, Author
Li, Bo, Author
Krajcarz, Maciej T., Author
Krivoshapkin, Andrey I., Author
Kolobova, Kseniya A., Author
Kozlikin, Maxim B., Author
Shunkov, Michael V., Author
Derevianko, Anatoly P., AuthorViola, Bence, AuthorGrote, Steffi4, Author              Essel, Elena2, Author              López Herráez, David5, Author              Nagel, Sarah2, Author              Nickel, Birgit1, Author              Richter, Julia2, Author              Schmidt, Anna2, Author              Peter, Benjamin6, Author              Kelso, Janet4, Author              Roberts, Richard G., AuthorArsuaga, Juan-Luis, AuthorMeyer, Matthias2, Author               more..
Affiliations:
1Department of Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Society, ou_1497672              
2Advanced DNA Sequencing Techniques, Department of Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Society, ou_2074332              
3Genomes, Department of Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Society, ou_2074331              
4The Minerva Research Group for Bioinformatics, Department of Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Society, ou_2074303              
5Human Population History, Department of Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Society, Deutscher Platz 6, 04103 Leipzig, DE, ou_2074313              
6Genetic Diversity through Space and Time, Department of Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Society, ou_2559696              

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 Abstract: Bones and teeth are important sources of Pleistocene hominin DNA, but are rarely recovered at archaeological sites. Mitochondrial DNA has been retrieved from cave sediments, but provides limited value for studying population relationships. We therefore developed methods for the enrichment and analysis of nuclear DNA from sediments, and applied them to cave deposits in western Europe and southern Siberia dated to between approximately 200,000 and 50,000 years ago. We detect a population replacement in northern Spain approximately 100,000 years ago, accompanied by a turnover of mitochondrial DNA. We also identify two radiation events in Neanderthal history during the early part of the Late Pleistocene. Our work lays the ground for studying the population history of ancient hominins from trace amounts of nuclear DNA in sediments.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-04-15
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1126/science.abf1667
 Degree: -

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Title: Science
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: American Association for the Advancement of Science
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: eabf1667 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0036-8075