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  Evidence for early dispersal of domestic sheep into Central Asia

Taylor, W. T. T., Pruvost, M., Posth, C., Rendu, W., Krajcarz, M. T., Abdykanova, A., et al. (2021). Evidence for early dispersal of domestic sheep into Central Asia. Nature Human Behaviour, s41562-021-01083-y. doi:10.1038/s41562-021-01083-y.

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available in the institutes network. - (last seen: April 2021)

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 Creators:
Taylor, William Timothy Treal1, Author              
Pruvost, Mélanie, Author
Posth, Cosimo2, Author              
Rendu, William, Author
Krajcarz, Maciej T., Author
Abdykanova, Aida, Author
Brancaleoni, Greta, Author
Spengler, Robert1, Author              
Hermes, Taylor2, Author              
Schiavinato, Stéphanie, Author
Hodgins, Gregory, Author
Stahl, Raphaela2, Author              
Min, Jina, Author
Alisher kyzy, Saltanat, Author
Fedorowicz, Stanisław, Author
Orlando, Ludovic, Author
Douka, Katerina1, Author              
Krivoshapkin, Andrey, Author
Jeong, Choongwon, Author
Warinner, Christina2, Author              
Shnaider, Svetlana, Author more..
Affiliations:
1Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              
2Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074310              

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Free keywords: Archaeology, Biological anthropology
 Abstract: The development and dispersal of agropastoralism transformed the cultural and ecological landscapes of the Old World, but little is known about when or how this process first impacted Central Asia. Here, we present archaeological and biomolecular evidence from Obishir V in southern Kyrgyzstan, establishing the presence of domesticated sheep by ca. 6,000 BCE. Zooarchaeological and collagen peptide mass fingerprinting show exploitation of Ovis and Capra, while cementum analysis of intact teeth implicates possible pastoral slaughter during the fall season. Most significantly, ancient DNA reveals these directly dated specimens as the domestic O. aries, within the genetic diversity of domesticated sheep lineages. Together, these results provide the earliest evidence for the use of livestock in the mountains of the Ferghana Valley, predating previous evidence by 3,000 years and suggesting that domestic animal economies reached the mountains of interior Central Asia far earlier than previously recognized.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-04-08
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 15
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: Results
- Site excavation.
- Archaeofaunal remains.
- Cementum analysis and dental eruption/wear.
- Animal DNA.
Discussion
Methods
- Excavation.
- Radiocarbon dating.
- Thermoluminescence dating.
- Zooarchaeology and ZooMS.
- Cementum analysis.
- DNA analysis.
-- PCR amplification.
-- Library construction and sequencing.
-- PCA of genome-wide sequences.
-- Mitochondrial genome analysis.
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1038/s41562-021-01083-y
Other: shh2901
 Degree: -

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Project name : DAIRYCULTURES
Grant ID : 804884
Funding program : Horizon 2020 (H2020)
Funding organization : European Commission (EC)

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Title: Nature Human Behaviour
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: s41562-021-01083-y Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2397-3374