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  Narcissism in independent and interdependent cultures

Jauk, E., Breyer, D., Kanske, P., & Wakabayashi, A. (2021). Narcissism in independent and interdependent cultures. Personality and Individual Differences, 177: 110716. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2021.110716.

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Jauk_2021.pdf (Publisher version), 513KB
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 Creators:
Jauk, Emanuel1, 2, Author
Breyer, Dorothee1, Author
Kanske, Philipp1, 3, Author              
Wakabayashi, Akio4, Author
Affiliations:
1Chair for Clinical Psychology and Behavioral Neuroscience, Faculty of Psychology, TU Dresden, Germany, ou_persistent22              
2Institute of Psychology, Karl Franzens University, Graz, Austria, ou_persistent22              
3Department Neuropsychology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634551              
4Department of Psychology, Chiba University, Japan, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Grandiose narcissism; Vulnerable narcissism; Independent self-construal; Interdependent self-construal; Cross-cultural research
 Abstract: Narcissism can manifest in a grandiose form – admiration-seeking, exhibitionism, and dominance – or a vulnerable form – anxiety, withdrawal, and hypersensitivity. While grandiose narcissism is conceptually in line with an independent self-construal, as prevalent in Western countries, the vulnerable form can be assumed to relate more to an interdependent self-construal, as prevalent in Eastern countries. We studied both forms of narcissism in Germany and Japan (Ns = 258, 280), which differ fundamentally in their independent and interdependent self-construal, yet are similar regarding global developmental standards. We tested whether (1) mean differences in both narcissism forms would conform to the predominant self-construal, (2) self-construal would explain variance in narcissism beyond broad personality traits, and (3) there would be stronger mental health tradeoffs for culturally incongruent forms of narcissism. Our results largely confirm these expectations for vulnerable narcissism, which is (1) more prevalent in Japan than Germany, (2) related to self-construal beyond broad traits, and, (3) more strongly related to mental health problems in Germany than Japan. For grandiose narcissism, data analyses indicated that construct equivalence can only be assumed for the entitlement factor, and internal structure and nomological networks differ substantially between cultural contexts.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-01-162020-11-132021-01-242021-03-122021-07
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2021.110716
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Project name : -
Grant ID : 16H06526
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Funding organization : MEXT
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Grant ID : J 4344
Funding program : -
Funding organization : Austrian Science Fund (FWF)
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Grant ID : CRC940/C07
Funding program : -
Funding organization : German Research Foundation (DFG)

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Title: Personality and Individual Differences
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Elsevier
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 177 Sequence Number: 110716 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0191-8869
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/0191-8869