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  Dirac surface states in intrinsic magnetic topological insulators EuSn2As2 and MnBi2nTe3n+1

Li, H., Gao, S.-Y., Duan, S.-F., Xu, Y.-F., Zhu, K.-J., Tian, S.-J., et al. (2019). Dirac surface states in intrinsic magnetic topological insulators EuSn2As2 and MnBi2nTe3n+1. Physical Review X, 9: 041039. doi:10.1103/PhysRevX.9.041039.

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https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevX.9.041039 (Publisher version)
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 Creators:
Li, Hang1, Author
Gao, Shun-Ye1, Author
Duan, Shao-Feng1, Author
Xu, Yuang-Feng2, Author              
Zhu, Ke-Jia1, Author
Tian, Shang-Jie1, Author
Gao, Jia-Cheng1, Author
Fan, Wen-Hui1, Author
Rao, Zhi-Cheng1, Author
Huang, Jie-Rui1, Author
Li, Jia-Jun1, Author
Yan, Yu1, Author
Liu, Zheng-Tai1, Author
Liu, Wan-Ling1, Author
Huang, Yao-Bo1, Author
Li, Yu-Liang1, Author
Liu, Yi1, Author
Zhang, Guo-Bin1, Author
Zhang, Peng1, Author
Kondo, Takeshi1, Author
Shin, Shik1, AuthorLei, He-Chang1, AuthorShi, You-Guo1, AuthorZhang, Wen-Tao1, AuthorWeng, Hong-Ming1, AuthorQian, Tian1, AuthorDing, Hong1, Author more..
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1External Organizations, ou_persistent22              
2Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_2415691              

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 Abstract: In magnetic topological insulators (TIs), the interplay between magnetic order and nontrivial topology can induce fascinating topological quantum phenomena, such as the quantum anomalous Hall effect, chiral Majorana fermions, and axion electrodynamics. Recently, a great deal of attention has been focused on the intrinsic magnetic TIs, where disorder effects can be eliminated to a large extent, which is expected to facilitate the emergence of topological quantum phenomena. Despite intensive efforts, experimental evidence of the topological surface states (SSs) remains elusive. Here, by combining first-principles calculations and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) experiments, we reveal that EuSn2As2 is an antiferromagnetic TI with the observation of Dirac SSs consistent with our prediction. We also observe nearly gapless Dirac SSs in antiferromagnetic TIs MnBi2nTe3n+1 (n=1 and 2), which are absent in previous ARPES results. These results provide clear evidence for nontrivial topology of these intrinsic magnetic TIs. Furthermore, we find that the topological SSs show no observable changes across the magnetic transition within the experimental resolution, indicating that the magnetic order has a quite small effect on the topological SSs, which can be attributed to weak hybridization between the localized magnetic moments, from either 4f or 3d orbitals, and the topological electronic states. This finding provides insights for further research that the correlations between magnetism and topological states need to be strengthened to induce larger gaps in the topological SSs, which will facilitate the realization of topological quantum phenomena at higher temperatures.

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 Dates: 2019-11-21
 Publication Status: Published online
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 Identifiers: BibTex Citekey: P13825
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevX.9.041039
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Title: Physical Review X
  Abbreviation : Phys. Rev. X
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: New York, NY : American Physical Society
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 9 Sequence Number: 041039 Start / End Page: - Identifier: Other: 2160-3308
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2160-3308