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  Mapping past human land use using archaeological data: A new classification for global land use synthesis and data harmonization

Morrison, K. D., Hammer, E., Boles, O., Madella, M., Whitehouse, N., Gaillard, M.-J., et al. (2021). Mapping past human land use using archaeological data: A new classification for global land use synthesis and data harmonization. PLoS One, 16(4): e0246662. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0246662.

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 Creators:
Morrison, Kathleen D., Author
Hammer, Emily, Author
Boles, Oliver, Author
Madella, Marco, Author
Whitehouse, Nicola, Author
Gaillard, Marie-Jose, Author
Bates, Jennifer, Author
Vander Linden, Marc, Author
Merlo, Stefania, Author
Yao, Alice, Author
Popova, Laura, Author
Hill, Austin Chad, Author
Antolin, Ferran, Author
Bauer, Andrew, Author
Biagetti, Stefano, Author
Bishop, Rosie R., Author
Buckland, Phillip, Author
Cruz, Pablo, Author
Dreslerová, Dagmar, Author
Dusseldorp, Gerrit, Author
Ellis, Erle, AuthorFilipovic, Dragana, AuthorFoster, Thomas, AuthorHannaford, Matthew J., AuthorHarrison, Sandy P., AuthorHazarika, Manjil, AuthorHerold, Hajnalka, AuthorHilpert, Johanna, AuthorKaplan, Jed. O, AuthorKay, Andrea1, Author              Klein Goldewijk, Kees, AuthorKolář, Jan, AuthorKyazike, Elizabeth, AuthorLaabs, Julian, AuthorLancelotti, Carla, AuthorLane, Paul, AuthorLawrence, Dan, AuthorLewis, Krista, AuthorLombardo, Umberto, AuthorLucarini, Giulio, AuthorArroyo-Kalin, Manuel, AuthorMarchant, Rob, AuthorMayle, Francis, AuthorMcClatchie, Meriel, AuthorMcLeester, Madeleine, AuthorMooney, Scott, AuthorMoskal-del Hoyo, Magdalena, AuthorNavarrete, Vanessa, AuthorNdiema, Emmanuel, AuthorGóes Neves, Eduardo, AuthorNowak, Marek, AuthorOut, Welmoed A., AuthorPetrie, Cameron, AuthorPhelps, Leanne N., AuthorPinke, Zsolt, AuthorRostain, Stéphen, AuthorRussell, Thembi, AuthorSluyter, Andrew, AuthorStyring, Amy K., AuthorTamanaha, Eduardo, AuthorThomas, Evert, AuthorVeerasamy, Selvakumar, AuthorWelton, Lynn, AuthorZanon, Marco, Author more..
Affiliations:
1Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              

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Free keywords: Land use, Archaeology, Historical archaeology, Agriculture, Earth systems, Cattle, Paleoclimatology, Radioactive carbon data
 Abstract: In the 12,000 years preceding the Industrial Revolution, human activities led to significant changes in land cover, plant and animal distributions, surface hydrology, and biochemical cycles. Earth system models suggest that this anthropogenic land cover change influenced regional and global climate. However, the representation of past land use in earth system models is currently oversimplified. As a result, there are large uncertainties in the current understanding of the past and current state of the earth system. In order to improve representation of the variety and scale of impacts that past land use had on the earth system, a global effort is underway to aggregate and synthesize archaeological and historical evidence of land use systems. Here we present a simple, hierarchical classification of land use systems designed to be used with archaeological and historical data at a global scale and a schema of codes that identify land use practices common to a range of systems, both implemented in a geospatial database. The classification scheme and database resulted from an extensive process of consultation with researchers worldwide. Our scheme is designed to deliver consistent, empirically robust data for the improvement of land use models, while simultaneously allowing for a comparative, detailed mapping of land use relevant to the needs of historical scholars. To illustrate the benefits of the classification scheme and methods for mapping historical land use, we apply it to Mesopotamia and Arabia at 6 kya (c. 4000 BCE). The scheme will be used to describe land use by the Past Global Changes (PAGES) LandCover6k working group, an international project comprised of archaeologists, historians, geographers, paleoecologists, and modelers. Beyond this, the scheme has a wide utility for creating a common language between research and policy communities, linking archaeologists with climate modelers, biodiversity conservation workers and initiatives.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-04-21
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 38
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: Introduction: Earth systems models, land cover, and the past
Holocene land use and its significance: LandCover6k
Classifying past land use
The LandCover6k land use classification and variables
Implementation of the classification in a geospatial database
Archaeological land use mapping: Mesopotamia and Arabia at 6 kya
- Mesopotamia classification.
- Arabia land use data.
- Arabia classification.
Conclusion
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0246662
Other: shh2909
 Degree: -

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Title: PLoS One
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: San Francisco, CA : Public Library of Science
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 16 (4) Sequence Number: e0246662 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1932-6203
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1000000000277850