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  Iron Age hunting and herding in coastal eastern Africa: ZooMS identification of domesticates and wild bovids at Panga ya Saidi, Kenya

Culley, C., Janzen, A., Brown, S., Prendergast, M. E., Shipton, C., Ndiema, E., et al. (2021). Iron Age hunting and herding in coastal eastern Africa: ZooMS identification of domesticates and wild bovids at Panga ya Saidi, Kenya. Journal of Archaeological Science, 130: 105368. doi:10.1016/j.jas.2021.105368.

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(last seen: April 2021)

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 Creators:
Culley, Courtney1, Author              
Janzen, Anneke1, Author              
Brown, Samantha1, 2, Author              
Prendergast, Mary E., Author
Shipton, Ceri, Author
Ndiema, Emmanuel1, Author
Petraglia, Michael D.1, Author              
Boivin, Nicole1, Author              
Crowther, Alison1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              
2FINDER, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2541700              

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Free keywords: Zooarchaeology, Collagen fingerprinting, Caprines, Cattle, Hunter-gatherer subsistence, Agro-pastoralism, Food production, East Africa
 Abstract: The morphological differentiation of African bovids in highly fragmented zooarchaeological assemblages is a major hindrance to reconstructing the nature and spread of pastoralism in sub-Saharan Africa. Here we employ collagen peptide mass fingerprinting, known as Zooarchaeology by Mass Spectrometry (ZooMS), coupled with recently published African ZooMS reference datasets, to identify domesticates and wild bovids in Iron Age assemblages at the cave site of Panga ya Saidi in southeast Kenya. Through ZooMS we have identified all three major African livestock—sheep (Ovis aries), goat (Capra hircus) and cattle (Bos taurus)—at the site for the first time. The results provide critical evidence for the use of domesticates by resident foraging populations during the Iron Age, the period associated with the arrival of food production in coastal Kenya. ZooMS results show that livestock at Panga ya Saidi form a minor component of the assemblage compared to wild bovids, demonstrating the persistence of hunting and the secondary role of acquiring livestock in hunter-gatherer foodways during the introduction of agro-pastoralism. This study sheds new light on the establishment of food production in coastal eastern Africa, particularly the role of interactions between hunter-gatherers and neighbouring agro-pastoral groups in what was a protracted regional transition to farming.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-04-21
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 13
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: 1. Introduction
2. Background
2.1. Problems with differentiating domesticates in African zooarchaeology
2.2. ZooMS in Africa
2.3. Panga ya Saidi, southeastern Kenya
2.3.1. Ecological setting
2.3.2. Archaeological background
3. Materials and methods
3.1. Sample Selection
3.2. ZooMS protocol
4. Results
5. Discussion
5.1. The impact of domestic livestock on hunting economies at PYS
5.2. Livestock trading or herding?
5.3. The role of domesticates in forager-farmer interactions
5.4. Behavioural and ecological implications of klipspringers at PYS
6. Conclusion
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.jas.2021.105368
Other: shh2912
 Degree: -

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Title: Journal of Archaeological Science
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London : Academic Press
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 130 Sequence Number: 105368 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0305-4403
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954922648108