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  A New Concept to Measure the Ambipolar Electric Field Driving Ionospheric Outflow

Li, K., Haaland, S., & Wei, Y. (2021). A New Concept to Measure the Ambipolar Electric Field Driving Ionospheric Outflow. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 126(2): e2020JA028409. doi:10.1029/2020JA028409.

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 Creators:
Li, Kun, Author
Haaland, Stein1, Author              
Wei, Yong, Author
Affiliations:
1Department Planets and Comets, Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Max Planck Society, ou_1832288              

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 Abstract: Over the last few decades, the role of ionospheric outflow for the loss of atmospheric constituents, as a plasma supplier to the magnetosphere and hence for the evolution of the Earth’s atmosphere has been recognized. A substantial amount of the outflow is thought to be caused by the presence of an ambipolar electric field aligned with the open magnetic field lines of the polar region. To better understand how the changes in outflow are influenced by the solar and geomagnetic activity, it is critical to get a better understanding of the impact of this electric field, and to be able to measure it under various conditions. However, such measurements are not possible with present techniques. In this paper, we propose a new technique to measure the tiny electric field. This technique builds on existing instrument technology but extends the capability to measure the very small electric fields. We present the underlying design concept and demonstrate that this concept is viable and able to measure the very small ambipolar electric fields thought to play a key role in the polar wind.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028409
 Degree: -

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Title: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
  Other : JGR-A
  Abbreviation : J. Geophys. Res. - A
Source Genre: Journal
 Creator(s):
Affiliations:
Publ. Info: Washington, D.C. : American Geophysical Union
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 126 (2) Sequence Number: e2020JA028409 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0148-0227
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/991042728714264