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  Escape of CO2+ and Other Heavy Minor Ions From the Ionosphere of Mars

Maes, L., Fränz, M., McFadden, J. P., & Benna, M. (2021). Escape of CO2+ and Other Heavy Minor Ions From the Ionosphere of Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 126(1): e2020JA028608. doi:10.1029/2020JA028608.

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Genre: Journal Article
Other : Escape of CO2+ and Other Heavy Minor Ions From the Ionosphere of Mars

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 Creators:
Maes, Lukas1, Author              
Fränz, Markus1, Author              
McFadden, James P., Author
Benna, Mehdi, Author
Affiliations:
1Department Planets and Comets, Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Max Planck Society, ou_1832288              

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 Abstract: Ionospheric escape from Mars is an important process for the erosion of the Martian atmosphere. The heavy ion outflow is dominated by (Formula presented.) and O+, however, the Martian ionosphere consists of many more ion species. In the dayside ionosphere below roughly 220 km altitude, (Formula presented.) is the second most dominant ion, and higher up and in the nightside ionosphere other ions species with a mass near but below that of (Formula presented.) (28–30 Atomic Mass Unit [AMU], e.g., CO+, (Formula presented.), HCO+, NO+, etc.) gain in importance. However, their contribution to the ionospheric outflow is often obscured by the dominant ions (Formula presented.) and O+. Therefore, we perform a peak fitting to the mass spectrum of SupraThermal and Thermal Ion Composition onboard Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN. This method is validated against the mass spectrum given by Neutral Gas and Ion Mass Spectrometer, and results in the ionosphere agree qualitatively very well. A statistical study is then performed to study the low-energy (<100 eV) heavy ion outflow. We find that (Formula presented.) can be seen throughout the Martian magnetosphere, but it escapes only in small amounts at a mean rate of less than 1% of the (Formula presented.) rate. On the other hand, we find that the ions with a mass from 28 to 30 AMU, which were previously unknown in the Martian ion escape, are an important part of the ionospheric outflow, with a mean escape rate that reaches 32% of the (Formula presented.) rate.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028608
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Title: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
  Other : JGR-A
  Abbreviation : J. Geophys. Res. - A
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Washington, D.C. : American Geophysical Union
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 126 (1) Sequence Number: e2020JA028608 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0148-0227
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/991042728714264