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  Look away to listen: the interplay of emotional context and eye contact in video conversations

Breil, C., & Böckler, A. (2021). Look away to listen: the interplay of emotional context and eye contact in video conversations. Visual Cognition. doi:10.1080/13506285.2021.1908470.

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Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Breil, Christina1, Author
Böckler, Anne1, 2, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department of Psychology, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz University, Hannover, Germany, ou_persistent22              
2Research Group Social Stress and Family Health, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_3025667              

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Free keywords: Social interaction; Communication; Direct gaze; Gaze behaviour; Empathy; Video conversations
 Abstract: Eye gaze is a fundamental element of social interaction. We investigated the role of gaze direction during video conversations between friends, colleagues or strangers. Participants watched short video cuts of a target person engaging in direct gaze, averted gaze or a mixture of both (gaze direction) while listening to another, invisible, person recounting a neutral or negative autobiographical episode (emotional context). Subsequently, participants rated the target person on empathy, perspective taking and trustworthiness and indicated how close they perceived the relationship between conversation partners. We found that participants rated the target person and the interaction less favourable when the target’s gaze was averted. Critically, these effects of gaze direction were modulated by emotional context: When narrations were negative, (partly) averted gaze had a less negative impact on participants evaluations. Hence, gaze direction is not perceived and interpreted in isolation, but in context.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-10-292021-03-152021-03-29
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1080/13506285.2021.1908470
 Degree: -

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Project name : -
Grant ID : BO 4962/1-1
Funding program : -
Funding organization : German Research Foundation

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Title: Visual Cognition
  Other : Vis. Cogn.
Source Genre: Journal
 Creator(s):
Affiliations:
Publ. Info: Hove, East Sussex, UK : Lawrence Erlbaum
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1350-6285
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925276535