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  Integrating genetic, archaeological, and historical perspectives on Eastern Central Europe, 400–900 AD: Brief description of the ERC Synergy Grant – HistoGenes 8564531

Pohl, W., Krause, J., Vida, T., & Geary, P. (2021). Integrating genetic, archaeological, and historical perspectives on Eastern Central Europe, 400–900 AD: Brief description of the ERC Synergy Grant – HistoGenes 8564531. Historical Studies on Central Europe, 1(1): 1.09, 213-228. doi:10.47074/HSCE.2021-1.09.

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 Creators:
Pohl, Walter, Author
Krause, Johannes1, Author              
Vida, Tivadar, Author
Geary, Patrick, Author
Affiliations:
1Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074310              

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Free keywords: ancient DNA, isotopes, Late Antique-Early Medieval population, Carpathian Basin, HistoGenes
 Abstract: Few parts of Europe witnessed so many population shifts in a few centuries as the Carpathian Basin in 400–900 CE. In this macro-region along the middle Danube, Pannonians, Romans, Goths, Gepids, Longobards, Avars, Bulgars, Slavs, Franks and many others came and went. This is an intriguing test case for the relationship between ethnic identities constructed in texts, cultural habitus attested in the archaeological record, and genetic profiles that can now be analysed through ancient DNA. What was the impact of migrations and mobility on the population of the East-Central-Europe? Was the late antique population replaced, did it mix with the newcomers, or did its descendants only adopt new cultural styles? To what degree did biological distinctions correspond to the cultural boundaries and/or ethnonyms in the texts? If pursued with methodological caution, this case study will have implications beyond the field. HistoGenes will analyse c. 6,000 samples from graves with cutting edge scientific methods, and contextualize the interpretation of these data in their archaeological and historical setting. The rapid progress of aDNA analysis and of bio-informatics now make such an enterprise viable. However, the methods of historical interpretation have not kept pace. HistoGenes will, for the first time, unite historians, archaeologists, geneticist, anthropologists, and specialists in bio-informatics, isotope analysis and other scientific methods. A wide range of particular historical questions will be addressed from an interdisciplinary perspective, and fundamental theoretical and methodological issues can be explored. HistoGenes will not only advance our knowledge about a key period in European history, but also establish new standards for the historical interpretation of genetic data. The sixyear HistoGenes Synergy Grant was launched on May 1, 2020.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-04-30
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 16
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 Table of Contents: - History and genetics: a new approach
- The historical problem
- A model area for study: the Carpathian Basin in the fifth to ninth centuries
- Project design and general goals
- Research questions
- Project aims
-- 1. Tracing the population history of the Carpathian Basin in the fifth and sixth centuries and the degree of continuity of the late Roman population
-- 2. Reconstructing the populations of the Avar Empire and the neighboring regions, 568–c. 800
-- 3. Placing the Avar Khaganate in relation to its neighbors and successors
-- 4. Small worlds and large realms: focusing on the social structure of the Carpathian Basin
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.47074/HSCE.2021-1.09
Other: shh2914
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Title: Historical Studies on Central Europe
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 1 (1) Sequence Number: 1.09 Start / End Page: 213 - 228 Identifier: -