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  A new rhinoceros clade from the Pleistocene of Asia sheds light on mammal dispersals to the Philippines

Antoine, P.-O., Reyes, M. C., Amano, N., Bautista, A. P., Chang, C.-H., Claude, J., et al. (2021). A new rhinoceros clade from the Pleistocene of Asia sheds light on mammal dispersals to the Philippines. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, XX: zlab009. doi:10.1093/zoolinnean/zlab009.

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Supplementary information, Supplementary text S1-S5 (Supplementary material)
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accessable in the institutes network. - (last seen: June 2021)

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 Creators:
Antoine, Pierre-Olivier, Author
Reyes, Marian C, Author
Amano, Noel1, Author              
Bautista, Angel P, Author
Chang, Chun-Hsiang, Author
Claude, Julien, Author
De Vos, John, Author
Ingicco, Thomas, Author
Affiliations:
1Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              

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Free keywords: evolutionary trends, island biogeography, island fauna, Mammalia, megafauna, morphological phylogenetics, morphological systematic
 Abstract: Rhinoceroses are among the most endangered mammalian species today. Their past diversity is well documented from the Eocene onward, although their evolutionary history is far from being fully understood. Here, we elucidate the systematic affinities of a Pleistocene rhinoceros species represented by a partial skeleton from 709 ± 68 kya archaeological deposits in Luzon Island, Philippines. We perform a comprehensive phylogenetic analysis, including all living species and a wide array of extinct rhinocerotid species. We confirm the early split between Elasmotheriinae and Rhinocerotinae at c. 35.5 Mya and constrain the divergence between recent Asian and African rhinoceroses at c. 24 Mya, with contrasting phenotypic evolutionary rates in Diceroti and Rhinoceroti. Dental features reveal the existence of an unsuspected Asian Pleistocene clade, referred to as Nesorhinus gen. nov.. It includes the rhinoceros from the Philippines and another extinct species from Taiwan, N. hayasakai. Nesorhinus is the sister-group to a cluster comprising Dicerorhinus and Rhinoceros. Our phylogenetic results strongly suggest an island-hopping dispersal for Nesorhinus, from the Asian mainland towards Luzon via Taiwan by the Late Miocene or later, and Pleistocene dispersals for representatives of Rhinoceros. Nesorhinus philippinensis would be the first perissodactyl species supporting the island-rule hypothesis, with decreased body weight and limb-bone robustness.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-05-22
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 15
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: Introduction
Materials and methods
Results
Discussion
- Biogeographical implications for past dispersals of land mammals to the Philippines and the influence of insularity
- Body mass of Nesorhinus and island rule
Conclusions
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1093/zoolinnean/zlab009
Other: shh2926
 Degree: -

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Title: Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society
  Other : Zool. J. Linn. Soc.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London : Wiley
Pages: - Volume / Issue: XX Sequence Number: zlab009 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0024-4082
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954922646054