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  The expansion of Acheulean hominins into the Nefud Desert of Arabia

Scerri, E. M. L., Frouin, M., Breeze, P. S., Armitage, S. J., Candy, I., Groucutt, H. S., et al. (2021). The expansion of Acheulean hominins into the Nefud Desert of Arabia. Scientific Reports, 11(1): 10111. doi:10.1038/s41598-021-89489-6.

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 Creators:
Scerri, Eleanor M. L.1, 2, Author              
Frouin, Marine, Author
Breeze, Paul S., Author
Armitage, Simon J., Author
Candy, Ian, Author
Groucutt, Huw S.1, 3, Author              
Drake, Nick1, Author              
Parton, Ash, Author
White, Tom S., Author
Alsharekh, Abdullah M., Author
Petraglia, Michael D.1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              
2Lise Meitner Pan-African Evolution Research Group, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_3033582              
3Max Planck Research Group Extreme Events, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_3262629              

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Free keywords: Archaeology, Palaeoecology
 Abstract: The Arabian Peninsula is a critical geographic landmass situated between Africa and the rest of Eurasia. Climatic shifts across the Pleistocene periodically produced wetter conditions in Arabia, dramatically altering the spatial distribution of hominins both within and between continents. This is particularly true of Acheulean hominins, who appear to have been more tethered to water sources than Middle Palaeolithic hominins. However, until recently, chrono-cultural knowledge of the Acheulean of Arabia has been limited to one dated site, which indicated a hominin presence in Marine Isotope Stages (MIS) 7–6. Here, we report the first dated Acheulean site from the Nefud Desert of northern Saudi Arabia, together with palaeoecological evidence for an associated deep, probably fresh-water, lake. The site of An Nasim features varied and often finely flaked façonnage handaxes. Luminescence ages together with geomorphological and palaeoecological evidence indicates that the associated artefacts date to MIS 9. At present, An Nasim represents the oldest yet documented Acheulean sites in Arabia, and adds to a growing picture of regionally diverse stone tool assemblages used by Middle Pleistocene hominins, and likely indicative of repeated population re-entry into the peninsula in wet ‘Green Arabia’ phases.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-05-12
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 10
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: Results
Discussion
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-89489-6
Other: shh2938
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Title: Scientific Reports
  Abbreviation : Sci. Rep.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London, UK : Nature Publishing Group
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 11 (1) Sequence Number: 10111 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2045-2322
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2045-2322