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  A revised instrument for the assessment of empathy and Theory of Mind in adolescents: Introducing the EmpaToM-Y

Breil, C., Kanske, P., Pittig, R., & Böckler-Raettig, A. (2021). A revised instrument for the assessment of empathy and Theory of Mind in adolescents: Introducing the EmpaToM-Y. Behavior Research Methods, 53(6), 2487-2501. doi:10.3758/s13428-021-01589-3.

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 Creators:
Breil, Christina1, Author
Kanske, Philipp2, 3, Author              
Pittig, Roxana4, Author
Böckler-Raettig, Anne1, 2, Author              
Affiliations:
1Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz University, Hannover, Germany, ou_persistent22              
2Research Group Social Stress and Family Health, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_3025667              
3TU Dresden, Germany, ou_persistent22              
4Julius Maximilian University, Würzburg, Germany, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Adolescence; Development; Empathy; Mentalizing; Social cognition; Social understanding; Theory of mind
 Abstract: Empathy and Theory of Mind (ToM) are two core components of social understanding. The EmpaToM is a validated social video task that allows for independent manipulation and assessment of the two capacities. First applications revealed that empathy and ToM are dissociable constructs on a neuronal as well as on a behavioral level. As the EmpaToM has been designed for the assessment of social understanding in adults, it has a high degree of complexity and comprises topics that are inadequate for minors. For this reason, we designed a new version of the EmpaToM that is especially suited to measure empathy and ToM in youths. In experiment 1, we successfully validated the EmpaToM-Y on the original EmpaToM in an adult sample (N = 61), revealing a similar pattern of results across tasks and strong correlations of all constructs. As intended, the performance measure for ToM and the control condition of the EmpaToM-Y showed reduced difficulty. In experiment 2, we tested the feasibility of the EmpaToM-Y in a group of teenagers (N = 36). Results indicate a reliable empathy induction and higher demands of ToM questions for adolescents. We provide a promising task for future research targeting inter-individual variability of socio-cognitive and socio-affective capacities as well as their precursors and outcomes in healthy minors and clinical populations.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-03-262021-05-042021-12
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
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 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3758/s13428-021-01589-3
Other: epub 2021
PMID: 33948924
 Degree: -

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Title: Behavior Research Methods
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Austin, TX : Psychonomic Society
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 53 (6) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 2487 - 2501 Identifier: ISSN: 1554-3528
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1554-3528