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  Bushmeat hunting and zoonotic transmission of Simian T-lymphotropic virus 1 in tropical West and Central Africa

Mossoun, A., Calvignac-Spencer, S., Anoh, A. E., Pauly, M. S., Driscoll, D. A., Michel, A. O., et al. (2017). Bushmeat hunting and zoonotic transmission of Simian T-lymphotropic virus 1 in tropical West and Central Africa. Journal of Virology, 91(10): e02479-16. doi:10.1128/JVI.02479-16.

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 Creators:
Mossoun, Arsène, Author
Calvignac-Spencer, Sébastien, Author
Anoh, Augustin E., Author
Pauly, Maude S., Author
Driscoll, Daniel A., Author
Michel, Adam O., Author
Nazaire, Lavry Grah, Author
Pfister, Stefan, Author
Sabwe, Pascale, Author
Thiesen, Ulla, Author
Vogler, Barbara R., Author
Wiersma, Lidewij, Author
Muyembe-Tamfum, Jean-Jacques, Author
Karhemere, Stomy, Author
Akoua-Koffi, Chantal, Author
Couacy-Hymann, Emmanuel, Author
Fruth, Barbara1, Author              
Wittig, Roman M.1, 2, Author              
Leendertz, F., Author
Schubert, G., Author
Affiliations:
1Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Society, ou_1497674              
2Chimpanzees, Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Society, ou_2149636              

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 Abstract: Simian T-lymphotropic virus 1 (STLV-1) enters human populations through contact with non-human primate (NHP) bushmeat. We tested whether differences in the extent of contact to STLV-1 infected NHP bushmeat foster regional differences in prevalence of human HTLV-1. Using serological and PCR assays, we screened humans and NHP at two sub-Saharan African sites where subsistence hunting was expected to be less (Taï region, Côte d'Ivoire, CIV) or more developed (Bandundu region, Democratic Republic of the Congo, DRC). Only 0.7% of human participants were infected with HTLV-1 in CIV (N=574), and 1.3% of humans in DRC (N=302). Two of the Ivorian human virus sequences were closely related to simian counterparts, indicating ongoing zoonotic transmission. Multivariate analysis of human demographic parameters and behavior confirmed that participants from CIV were less often exposed to NHP than participants from DRC through direct contact, e.g. butchering. At the same time, numbers of STLV-1 infected NHP were higher at CIV (39%, N=111) than at DRC (23%, N=39). We conclude that a similar ultimate risk of zoonotic STLV-1 transmission

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2017-03-152017-05
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1128/JVI.02479-16
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Title: Journal of Virology
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: American Society for Microbiology (ASM)
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 91 (10) Sequence Number: e02479-16 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0022-538X
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925419045