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  Large-scale reptile extinctions following European colonization of the Guadeloupe Islands

Bochaton, C., Paradis, E., Bailon, S., Grouard, S., Ineich, I., Lenoble, A., et al. (2021). Large-scale reptile extinctions following European colonization of the Guadeloupe Islands. Science Advances, 7(21): eabg2111. doi:10.1126/sciadv.abg2111.

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PDF. - (last seen: June 2021)

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 Creators:
Bochaton, Corentin1, Author              
Paradis, Emmanuel, Author
Bailon, Salvador, Author
Grouard, Sandrine, Author
Ineich, Ivan, Author
Lenoble, Arnaud, Author
Lorvelec, Olivier, Author
Tresset, Anne, Author
Boivin, Nicole1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              

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 Abstract: Large-scale extinction is one of the defining challenges of our time, as human processes fundamentally and irreversibly reshape global ecosystems. While the extinction of large animals with popular appeal garners widespread public and research interest, the importance of smaller, less “charismatic” species to ecosystem health is increasingly recognized. Benefitting from systematically collected fossil and archaeological archives, we examined snake and lizard extinctions in the Guadeloupe Islands of the Caribbean. Study of 43,000 bone remains across six islands revealed a massive extinction of 50 to 70% of Guadeloupe’s snakes and lizards following European colonization. In contrast, earlier Indigenous populations coexisted with snakes and lizards for thousands of years without affecting their diversity. Study of archaeological remains provides insights into the causes of snake and lizard extinctions and shows that failure to consider fossil-derived data probably contributes to substantial underestimation of human impacts to global biodiversity.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-05-19
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 14
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: Introduction
- Regional setting
Results
- Transformation through time of squamate diversity on the individual islands of Guadeloupe
-- Marie-Galante Island
-- Les Saintes Islets
-- Basse-Terre Island
-- Grande-Terre Island
-- Petite-Terre Islets
-- La Désirade Island
- Global trends
- Modeling of extinction factors
Discussion
Materials and methods
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abg2111
Other: shh2951
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Title: Science Advances
  Other : Sci. Adv.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Washington : AAAS
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 7 (21) Sequence Number: eabg2111 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2375-2548
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2375-2548