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  How do infants benefit from a familiar voice during phoneme processing?

Govaart, G., Chládková, K., Friederici, A. D., & Männel, C. (2020). How do infants benefit from a familiar voice during phoneme processing?. Talk presented at Psycholinguistics Colloquium, Pia Knoeferle. Institut für deutsche Sprache und Linguistik, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Germany. 2020-02-06 - 2020-02-06.

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 Creators:
Govaart, Gisela1, 2, 3, Author           
Chládková, Kateřina4, Author
Friederici, Angela D.1, Author           
Männel, Claudia1, 5, Author           
Affiliations:
1Department Neuropsychology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, Leipzig, DE, ou_634551              
2Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Einstein Center for Neurosciences Berlin, Charitéplatz 1, 10117 Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              
3Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Faculty of Philosophy, Berlin School of Mind and Brain, Luisenstraße 56, 10117 Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              
4 Institute of Phonetics, Centre for the Study of Mankind and Society, Faculty of Arts, Charles University, nám. Jana Palacha 2 116 38, Praha 1 Czech Republic, ou_persistent22              
5Department of Audiology and Phoniatrics, Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Charitéplatz 1, 10117 Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Phoneme acquisition; Infants; Voice familiarity; EEG
 Abstract: Humans are remarkably good at recognizing speakers by their voice, and this ability develops already in early infancy. This inspires the question of whether voice information affects speech acquisition in early development. Since infants are typically exposed mainly to their constant caregivers, infants might be especially drawn to voice information from familiar speakers. Previous research confirms that learning from a familiar voice as opposed to an unfamiliar voice supports word learning in adults (Goldinger et al., 1991), speech stream separation in infants (Barker & Newman, 2004), and phoneme recognition in adults (Levi et al., 2011). Whether the voice familiarity benefit exists for phoneme acquisition in infants remains elusive. In this presentation, we will present the experimental design for a study that aims to test whether infants’ phoneme learning benefits from a familiar voice. Our experiment will test 3-month-old infants on phoneme learning and consists of three parts. (1) Infants will be familiarized with a speaker’s voice by means of audio recordings, taking place at the infant’s home over the course of two weeks. (2) In the laboratory, infants will be repeatedly exposed to a vowel contrasts, either spoken by an unfamiliar speaker, or by the speaker they were familiarized with (familiar speaker), (3) In an electrophysiological study, we will then test the infant’s discrimination of the vowel contrast, and whether discrimination is modulated by voice familiarity. We hypothesize that the contrast spoken by the familiar speaker as opposed to the unfamiliar speaker will reveal more pronounced discrimination responses.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-02-06
 Publication Status: Not specified
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: -
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Title: Psycholinguistics Colloquium, Pia Knoeferle
Place of Event: Institut für deutsche Sprache und Linguistik, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Germany
Start-/End Date: 2020-02-06 - 2020-02-06
Invited: Yes

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