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  Variable kinship patterns in Neolithic Anatolia revealed by ancient genomes

Yaka, R., Mapelli, I., Kaptan, D., Doğu, A., Chyleński, M., Erdal, Ö. D., et al. (2021). Variable kinship patterns in Neolithic Anatolia revealed by ancient genomes. Current Biology, 31(11), 2455-2468.e18. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2021.03.050.

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 Creators:
Yaka, Reyhan, Author
Mapelli, Igor, Author
Kaptan, Damla, Author
Doğu, Ayça, Author
Chyleński, Maciej, Author
Erdal, Ömür Dilek, Author
Koptekin, Dilek, Author
Vural, Kıvılcım Başak, Author
Bayliss, Alex, Author
Mazzucato, Camilla, Author
Fer, Evrim, Author
Çokoğlu, Sevim Seda, Author
Lagerholm, Vendela Kempe, Author
Krzewińska, Maja, Author
Karamurat, Cansu, Author
Gemici, Hasan Can, Author
Sevkar, Arda, Author
Dağtaş, Nihan Dilşad, Author
Kılınç, Gülşah Merve, Author
Adams, Donovan, Author
Munters, Arielle R., AuthorSağlıcan, Ekin, AuthorMilella, Marco, AuthorSchotsmans, Eline M.J., AuthorYurtman, Erinç, AuthorÇetin, Mehmet, AuthorYorulmaz, Sevgi, AuthorAltınışık, N. Ezgi, AuthorGhalichi, Ayshin1, Author           Juras, Anna, AuthorBilgin, C. Can, AuthorGünther, Torsten, AuthorStorå, Jan, AuthorJakobsson, Mattias, Authorde Kleijn, Maurice, AuthorMustafaoğlu, Gökhan, AuthorFairbairn, Andrew, AuthorPearson, Jessica, AuthorTogan, İnci, AuthorKayacan, Nurcan, AuthorMarciniak, Arkadiusz, AuthorLarsen, Clark Spencer, AuthorHodder, Ian, AuthorAtakuman, Çiğdem, AuthorPilloud, Marin, AuthorSürer, Elif, AuthorGerritsen, Fokke, AuthorÖzbal, Rana, AuthorBaird, Douglas, AuthorErdal, Yılmaz Selim, AuthorDuru, Güneş, AuthorÖzbaşaran, Mihriban, AuthorHaddow, Scott D., AuthorKnüsel, Christopher J., AuthorGötherström, Anders, AuthorÖzer, Füsun, AuthorSomel, Mehmet, Author more..
Affiliations:
1Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074310              

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Free keywords: kinship, Neolithic transition, household composition, Anatolia, paleogenomics, identity by descent, intramural burial, relatedness
 Abstract: The social organization of the first fully sedentary societies that emerged during the Neolithic period in Southwest Asia remains enigmatic,1 mainly because material culture studies provide limited insight into this issue. However, because Neolithic Anatolian communities often buried their dead beneath domestic buildings,2 household composition and social structure can be studied through these human remains. Here, we describe genetic relatedness among co-burials associated with domestic buildings in Neolithic Anatolia using 59 ancient genomes, including 22 new genomes from A??kl? Höyük and Çatalhöyük. We infer pedigree relationships by simultaneously analyzing multiple types of information, including autosomal and X chromosome kinship coefficients, maternal markers, and radiocarbon dating. In two early Neolithic villages dating to the 9th and 8th millennia BCE, A??kl? Höyük and Boncuklu, we discover that siblings and parent-offspring pairings were frequent within domestic structures, which provides the first direct indication of close genetic relationships among co-burials. In contrast, in the 7th millennium BCE sites of Çatalhöyük and Barc?n, where we study subadults interred within and around houses, we find close genetic relatives to be rare. Hence, genetic relatedness may not have played a major role in the choice of burial location at these latter two sites, at least for subadults. This supports the hypothesis that in Çatalhöyük,3?5 and possibly in some other Neolithic communities, domestic structures may have served as burial location for social units incorporating biologically unrelated individuals. Our results underscore the diversity of kin structures in Neolithic communities during this important phase of sociocultural development.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-04-142021-06-07
 Publication Status: Issued
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: Results and discussion
- Increased genetic diversity from the Aceramic to the Ceramic period
- Estimating pedigree relationships among Neolithic co-burials
- Co-buried pairs in Aceramic period sites frequently include relatives
- Relatives are rare among Catalhoyuk and Barcın intramural burials
- Temporal or age-dependent variability in co-burial kinship patterns
- Varying traditions linking sex and space
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 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2021.03.050
 Degree: -

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Title: Current Biology
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London, UK : Cell Press
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 31 (11) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 2455 - 2468.e18 Identifier: ISSN: 0960-9822
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925579107