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  Iron age societies of Western Transbaikalia: reconstruction of diet and lifeways

Kradin, N., Khubanova, A., Bazarov, B., Miyagashev, D., Khubanov, V., Konovalov, P., et al. (2021). Iron age societies of Western Transbaikalia: reconstruction of diet and lifeways. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 38: 102973. doi:10.1016/j.jasrep.2021.102973.

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Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Kradin, N.N., Author
Khubanova, A.M., Author
Bazarov, B.A., Author
Miyagashev, D.A., Author
Khubanov, V.B., Author
Konovalov, P.B., Author
Klementiev, A.M., Author
Posokhov, V.F., Author
Ventresca Miller, Alicia R.1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              

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Free keywords: Xiongnu, Iron age, Stable isotopes, Inner Asia, Transbaikalia
 Abstract: The economic foundation of the Xiongnu Empire has often been attributed to nomadic livestock. This stands in contrast to the contemporaneous development of sedentary, often fortified, settlements with evidence for handicraft production and agricultural products. This paper presents the first results of the analysis of the carbon and nitrogen isotopic composition of bone collagen from the remains of humans and animals from Xiongnu archeological complexes located in Western Transbaikalia (late II century BCE – I century CE). Our results indicate that along with livestock products, the diet of Xiongnu people in Transbaikalia included moderate amounts of millet and riverine fish. This is further confirmed by the presence of millet seeds and fish bones among the archaeological finds at several sites. Combined paleobotanical and isotopic evidence indicate that agriculture played an important part in the subsistence economy of the Xiongnu.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-05-172021-08
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: 1. Introduction
2. Archaeological sites selected
3. Sample preparation and methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
5.1. Comparative zooarchaeological research
5.2. Stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes: Reconstructing the Xiongnu diet
6. Conclusions
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.jasrep.2021.102973
Other: shh2956
 Degree: -

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Title: Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Amsterdam [u.a.] : Elsevier
Pages: 102973 Volume / Issue: 38 Sequence Number: 102973 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2352-409X
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2352-409X