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  Different word-learning contexts alter phonotactic rule learning in 6-month-olds

Richter, M., Vignotto, M., Mock, J., Obrig, H., & Rossi, S. (2021). Different word-learning contexts alter phonotactic rule learning in 6-month-olds. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience. doi:10.1080/23273798.2021.1921815.

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 Creators:
Richter, Maria1, 2, 3, Author              
Vignotto, Micol2, Author              
Mock, Julia1, 2, 4, Author
Obrig, Hellmuth1, 2, Author
Rossi, Sonja1, 2, 5, Author
Affiliations:
1Clinic for Cognitive Neurology, University of Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
2Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634549              
3Research Focus Cognitive Sciences, University of Potsdam, Germany, ou_persistent22              
4Leibniz-Institut für Wissensmedien (IWM), Tübingen, Germany, ou_persistent22              
5ICONE - Innsbruck Cognitive Neuroscience, Austria, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Neural commitment to language learning; Phonotactics; Real objects; Pseudo-objects; ERPs; fNIRS
 Abstract: Context can affect language processing and learning. We here compare the influence of two different contexts (pseudo-objects, data from [Obrig, H., Mock, J., Stephan, F., Richter, M., Vignotto, M., & Rossi, S. (2017). Impact of associative word learning on phonotactic processing in 6-month-old infants: A combined EEG and fNIRS study. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 25, 185–197. https://doi-org.browser.cbs.mpg.de/10.1016/j.dcn.2016.09.001] , vs. real objects) on the processing of phonotactically legal vs. illegal pseudowords (PW) in a 3-day learning paradigm in 6-month-olds. Using ERPs and functional Near InfraRed Spectroscopy (fNIRS) we find that short-term (pre-→post-test) and long-term (day1→ day2→day3) attunement to pseudowords is affected by both, learning context and phonotactic status. When real objects are used, fNIRS shows a long-term increase in response magnitude for legal PW. ERPs show a long-term decrease in negativities in response to trained legal PW. Conversely, the pseudo-objects context elicits neuronal attunement to all PW. We propose that legal PW in a real object context cause conflict, leading to difficulties in lexical integration. However, training eases lexical integration of trained legal PW through priming. Our results speak for the early relevance of phonotactics and context in language acquisition.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2019-05-172021-04-082021-05-12
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1080/23273798.2021.1921815
 Degree: -

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Title: Language, Cognition and Neuroscience
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London : Routledge
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: - Identifier: Other: ISSN
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2327-3798