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  Directional changes in Levallois core technologies between Eastern Africa, Arabia, and the Levant during MIS 5

Blinkhorn, J., Groucutt, H. S., Scerri, E. M. L., Petraglia, M. D., & Blockley, S. (2021). Directional changes in Levallois core technologies between Eastern Africa, Arabia, and the Levant during MIS 5. Scientific Reports, 11(1): 11465. doi:10.1038/s41598-021-90744-z.

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Supplementary information 1-3 (Supplementary material)
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(last seen: June 2021)

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 Creators:
Blinkhorn, James1, Author              
Groucutt, Huw S.2, 3, Author              
Scerri, Eleanor M. L.1, 3, Author              
Petraglia, Michael D.3, 4, Author              
Blockley, Simon, Author
Affiliations:
1Lise Meitner Pan-African Evolution Research Group, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_3033582              
2Max Planck Research Group Extreme Events, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_3262629              
3Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              
4External Organizations, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Archaeology
 Abstract: Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 5, ~ 130 to 71 thousand years ago, was a key period for the geographic expansion of Homo sapiens, including engagement with new landscapes within Africa and dispersal into Asia. Occupation of the Levant by Homo sapiens in MIS 5 is well established, while recent research has documented complementary evidence in Arabia. Here, we undertake the first detailed comparison of Levallois core technology from eastern Africa, Arabia, and the Levant during MIS 5, including multiple sites associated with Homo sapiens fossils. We employ quantitative comparisons of individual artefacts that provides a detailed appraisal of Levallois reduction activity in MIS 5, thereby enabling assessment of intra- and inter-assemblage variability for the first time. Our results demonstrate a pattern of geographically structured variability embedded within a shared focus on centripetal Levallois reduction schemes and overlapping core morphologies. We reveal directional changes in core shaping and flake production from eastern Africa to Arabia and the Levant that are independent of differences in geographic or environmental parameters. These results are consistent with a common cultural inheritance between these regions, potentially stemming from a shared late Middle Pleistocene source in eastern Africa.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-06-01
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 11
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: Results
- Univariate analyses.
- Multivariate analysis.
Discussion
Methods
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-90744-z
Other: shh2958
 Degree: -

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Title: Scientific Reports
  Abbreviation : Sci. Rep.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London, UK : Nature Publishing Group
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 11 (1) Sequence Number: 11465 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2045-2322
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2045-2322