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  Early Alpine occupation backdates westward human migration in Late Glacial Europe

Bortolini, E., Pagani, L., Oxilia, G., Posth, C., Fontana, F., Badino, F., et al. (2021). Early Alpine occupation backdates westward human migration in Late Glacial Europe. Current Biology, 31(11): 2021.03.078, pp. 2484-2493.e7. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2021.03.078.

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 Creators:
Bortolini, Eugenio, Author
Pagani, Luca, Author
Oxilia, Gregorio, Author
Posth, Cosimo1, Author              
Fontana, Federica, Author
Badino, Federica, Author
Saupe, Tina, Author
Montinaro, Francesco, Author
Margaritora, Davide, Author
Romandini, Matteo, Author
Lugli, Federico, Author
Papini, Andrea, Author
Boggioni, Marco, Author
Perrini, Nicola, Author
Oxilia, Antonio, Author
Cigliano, Riccardo Aiese, Author
Barcelona, Rosa, Author
Visentin, Davide, Author
Fasser, Nicolo, Author
Arrighi, Simona, Author
Figus, Carla, AuthorMarciani, Giulia, AuthorSilvestrini, Sara, Author more..
Affiliations:
1Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074310              

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Free keywords: paleogenomics, population turnover, WHG, Upper Palaeolithic, Epigravettian, Late Glacial, Southern Europe
 Abstract: Before the end of the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM, ∼16.5 ka ago) set in motion major shifts in human culture and population structure, a consistent change in lithic technology, material culture, settlement pattern, and adaptive strategies is recorded in Southern Europe at ∼18–17 ka ago. In this time frame, the landscape of Northeastern Italy changed considerably, and the retreat of glaciers allowed hunter-gatherers to gradually recolonize the Alps. Change within this renewed cultural frame (i.e., during the Late Epigravettian phase) is currently associated with migrations favored by warmer climate linked to the Bølling-Allerød onset (14.7 ka ago), which replaced earlier genetic lineages with ancestry found in an individual who lived ∼14 ka ago at Riparo Villabruna, Italy, and shared among different contexts (Villabruna Cluster). Nevertheless, these dynamics and their chronology are still far from being disentangled due to fragmentary evidence for long-distance interactions across Europe. Here, we generate new genomic data from a human mandible uncovered at Riparo Tagliente (Veneto, Italy), which we directly dated to 16,980–16,510 cal BP (2σ). This individual, affected by focal osseous dysplasia, is genetically affine to the Villabruna Cluster. Our results therefore backdate by at least 3 ka the diffusion in Southern Europe of a genetic component linked to Balkan/Anatolian refugia, previously believed to have spread during the later Bølling/Allerød event. In light of the new genetic evidence, this population replacement chronologically coincides with the very emergence of major cultural transitions in Southern and Western Europe.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-04-212021-06-07
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 18
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: Results and discussion
STAR methods
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2021.03.078
Other: shh2968
 Degree: -

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Title: Current Biology
  Other : Curr. Biol.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London, UK : Cell Press
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 31 (11) Sequence Number: 2021.03.078 Start / End Page: 2484 - 2493.e7 Identifier: ISSN: 0960-9822
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925579107