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  Multiple pathways of toxicity induced by c9orf72 dipeptide repeat aggregates and G(4)C(2) RNA in a cellular model

Frottin, F., Perez-Berlanga, M., Hartl, F. U., & Hipp, M. S. (2021). Multiple pathways of toxicity induced by c9orf72 dipeptide repeat aggregates and G(4)C(2) RNA in a cellular model. eLife, 10: e62718. doi:10.7554/eLife.62718.

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 Creators:
Frottin, Frederic1, Author              
Perez-Berlanga, Manuela1, Author              
Hartl, F. Ulrich1, Author              
Hipp, Mark S.1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Hartl, Franz-Ulrich / Cellular Biochemistry, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_1565152              

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Free keywords: HEXANUCLEOTIDE REPEAT; NUCLEOCYTOPLASMIC TRANSPORT; FRONTOTEMPORAL DEMENTIA; GGGGCC REPEAT; ANTISENSE TRANSCRIPTS; TDP-43 PATHOLOGY; IN-VITRO; POLY-GA; EXPANSION; PROTEINLife Sciences & Biomedicine - Other Topics;
 Abstract: The most frequent genetic cause of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal dementia is a G(4)C(2) repeat expansion in the C9orf72 gene. This expansion gives rise to translation of aggregating dipeptide repeat (DPR) proteins, including poly-GA as the most abundant species. However, gain of toxic function effects have been attributed to either the DPRs or the pathological G(4)C(2 )RNA. Here, we analyzed in a cellular model the relative toxicity of DPRs and RNA. Cytoplasmic poly-GA aggregates, generated in the absence of G(4)C(2 )RNA, interfered with nucleocytoplasmic protein transport, but had little effect on cell viability. In contrast, nuclear poly-GA was more toxic, impairing nucleolar protein quality control and protein biosynthesis. Production of the G(4)C(2) RNA strongly reduced viability independent of DPR translation and caused pronounced inhibition of nuclear mRNA export and protein biogenesis. Thus, while the toxic effects of G(4)C(2) RNA predominate in the cellular model used, DPRs exert additive effects that may contribute to pathology.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 25
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: ISI: 000667497300001
DOI: 10.7554/eLife.62718
 Degree: -

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Title: eLife
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Cambridge : eLife Sciences Publications
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 10 Sequence Number: e62718 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2050-084X
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2050-084X