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  High altitude hunting, climate change, and pastoral resilience in eastern Eurasia

Taylor, W., Hart, I., Pan, C., Bayarsaikhan, J., Murdoch, J., Caspari, G., et al. (2021). High altitude hunting, climate change, and pastoral resilience in eastern Eurasia. Scientific Reports, 11(1): 14287. doi:10.1038/s41598-021-93765-w.

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docx. - (last seen: July 2021)

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 Creators:
Taylor, William1, Author              
Hart, Isaac, Author
Pan, Caleb, Author
Bayarsaikhan, Jamsranjav1, Author              
Murdoch, James, Author
Caspari, Gino, Author
Klinge, Michael, Author
Pearson, Kristen, Author
Bikhumar, Umirbyek, Author
Shnaider, Svetlana, Author
Abdykanova, Aida, Author
Bittner, Peter, Author
Zahir, Muhammad1, Author              
Jarman, Nicholas, Author
Williams, Mark, Author
Pettigrew, Devin, Author
Petraglia, Michael1, Author              
Lee, Craig, Author
Dixon, E. James, Author
Boivin, Nicole1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              

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Free keywords: Archaeology, Climate-change impacts
 Abstract: The transition from hunting to herding transformed the cold, arid steppes of Mongolia and Eastern Eurasia into a key social and economic center of the ancient world, but a fragmentary archaeological record limits our understanding of the subsistence base for early pastoral societies in this key region. Organic material preserved in high mountain ice provides rare snapshots into the use of alpine and high altitude zones, which played a central role in the emergence of East Asian pastoralism. Here, we present the results of the first archaeological survey of melting ice margins in the Altai Mountains of western Mongolia, revealing a near-continuous record of more than 3500 years of human activity. Osteology, radiocarbon dating, and collagen fingerprinting analysis of wooden projectiles, animal bone, and other artifacts indicate that big-game hunting and exploitation of alpine ice played a significant role during the emergence of mobile pastoralism in the Altai, and remained a core element of pastoral adaptation into the modern era. Extensive ice melting and loss of wildlife in the study area over recent decades, driven by a warming climate, poaching, and poorly regulated hunting, presents an urgent threat to the future viability of herding lifeways and the archaeological record of hunting in montane zones.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-07-12
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 13
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: Introduction
- Mountain zones and the emergence of herding economies in Eastern Eurasia
Results
- Remote sensing
- Pedestrian and horseback survey
- Radiocarbon dating and cultural patterns
Discussion
- Weapon manufacture
- Hunting strategies and butchery
- Ritual activity
- Other cultural activities
- Role of mountain zones in emerging pastoral societies
- Implications of climate change and poaching
Conclusion
Methods
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-93765-w
Other: shh2997
 Degree: -

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Title: Scientific Reports
  Abbreviation : Sci. Rep.
Source Genre: Journal
 Creator(s):
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Publ. Info: London, UK : Nature Publishing Group
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 11 (1) Sequence Number: 14287 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2045-2322
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2045-2322