English
 
Help Privacy Policy Disclaimer
  Advanced SearchBrowse

Item

ITEM ACTIONSEXPORT
  Forward modelling of Kepler-band variability due to faculae and spots

Johnson, L. J., Norris, C. M., Unruh, Y. C., Solanki, S. K., Krivova, N., Witzke, V., et al. (2021). Forward modelling of Kepler-band variability due to faculae and spots. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 504(4), 4751-4767. doi:10.1093/mnras/stab1190.

Item is

Basic

show hide
Genre: Journal Article

Files

show Files

Locators

show

Creators

show
hide
 Creators:
Johnson, Luke J., Author
Norris, Charlotte M., Author
Unruh, Yvonne C., Author
Solanki, Sami K.1, Author              
Krivova, Natalie1, Author              
Witzke, Veronika1, Author              
Shapiro, Alexander1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Sun and Heliosphere, Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Max Planck Society, ou_1832289              

Content

show
hide
Free keywords: Sun: faculae, plages, stars: activity, stars: atmospheres, stars: late-type, starspots
 Abstract: Variability observed in photometric light curves of late-type stars (on time-scales longer than a day) is a dominant noise source in exoplanet surveys and results predominantly from surface manifestations of stellar magnetic activity, namely faculae and spots. The implementation of faculae in light-curve models is an open problem, with scaling typically based on spectra equivalent to hot stellar atmospheres or assuming a solar-derived facular contrast. We modelled rotational (single period) light curves of active G2, K0, M0, and M2 stars, with Sun-like surface distributions and realistic limb-dependent contrasts for faculae and spots. The sensitivity of light-curve variability to changes in model parameters such as stellar inclination, feature area coverage, spot temperature, facular region magnetic flux density, and active band latitudes is explored. For our light-curve modelling approach we used actress, a geometrically accurate model for stellar variability. actress generates two-sphere maps representing stellar surfaces and populates them with user-prescribed spot and facular region distributions. From this, light curves can be calculated at any inclination. Quiet star limb darkening and limb-dependent facular contrasts were derived from MURaM 3D magnetoconvection simulations using ATLAS9. 1D stellar atmosphere models were used for the spot contrasts. We applied actress in Monte Carlo simulations, calculating light-curve variability amplitudes in the Kepler band. We found that, for a given spectral type and stellar inclination, spot temperature and spot area coverage have the largest effect on variability of all simulation parameters. For a spot coverage of 1 per cent⁠, the typical variability of a solar-type star is around 2 parts per thousand. The presence of faculae clearly affects the mean brightness and light-curve shape, but has relatively little influence on the variability.

Details

show
hide
Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stab1190
 Degree: -

Event

show

Legal Case

show

Project information

show

Source 1

show
hide
Title: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
  Other : Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.
Source Genre: Journal
 Creator(s):
Affiliations:
Publ. Info: Oxford : Oxford University Press
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 504 (4) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 4751 - 4767 Identifier: ISSN: 1365-8711
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1000000000024150