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  Gaia Early Data Release 3 - The Gaia Catalogue of Nearby Stars

Smart, R. L., Sarro, L. M., Rybizki, J., Reylé, C., Robin, A. C., Hambly, N. C., et al. (2021). Gaia Early Data Release 3 - The Gaia Catalogue of Nearby Stars. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 649: A6. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/202039498.

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Smart, R. L., Author
Sarro, L. M., Author
Rybizki, J., Author
Reylé, C., Author
Robin, A. C., Author
Hambly, N. C., Author
Abbas, U., Author
Barstow, M. A., Author
de Bruijne, J. H. J., Author
Bucciarelli, B., Author
Carrasco, J. M., Author
Cooper, W. J., Author
Hodgkin, S. T., Author
Masana, E., Author
Michalik, D., Author
Sahlmann, J., Author
Sozzetti, A., Author
Brown, A. G. A., Author
Vallenari, A., Author
Prusti, T., Author
Babusiaux, C., AuthorBiermann, M., AuthorCreevey, O. L., AuthorEvans, D. W., AuthorEyer, L., AuthorHutton, A., AuthorJansen, F., AuthorJordi, C., AuthorKlioner, S. A., AuthorLammers, U., AuthorLindegren, L., AuthorLuri, X., AuthorMignard, F., AuthorPanem, C., AuthorPourbaix, D., AuthorRandich, S., AuthorSartoretti, P., AuthorSoubiran, C., AuthorWalton, N. A., AuthorArenou, F., AuthorBailer-Jones, C. A. L., AuthorBastian, U., AuthorCropper, M., AuthorDrimmel, R., AuthorKatz, D., AuthorLattanzi, M. G., Authorvan Leeuwen, F., AuthorBakker, J., AuthorCastañeda, J., AuthorAngeli, F. De, AuthorDucourant, C., AuthorFabricius, C., AuthorFouesneau, M., AuthorFrémat, Y., AuthorGuerra, R., AuthorGuerrier, A., AuthorGuiraud, J., AuthorPiccolo, A. Jean-Antoine, AuthorMessineo, R., AuthorMowlavi, N., AuthorNicolas, C., AuthorNienartowicz, K., AuthorPailler, F., AuthorPanuzzo, P., AuthorRiclet, F., AuthorRoux, W., AuthorSeabroke, G. M., AuthorSordo, R., AuthorTanga, P., AuthorThévenin, F., AuthorGracia-Abril, G., AuthorPortell, J., AuthorTeyssier, D., AuthorAltmann, M., AuthorAndrae, R., AuthorBellas-Velidis, I., AuthorBenson, K., AuthorBerthier, J., AuthorBlomme, R., AuthorBrugaletta, E., AuthorBurgess, P. W., AuthorBusso, G., AuthorCarry, B., AuthorCellino, A., AuthorCheek, N., AuthorClementini, G., AuthorDamerdji, Y., AuthorDavidson, M., AuthorDelchambre, L., AuthorDell’Oro, A., AuthorFernández-Hernández, J., AuthorGalluccio, L., AuthorGarcía-Lario, P., AuthorGarcia-Reinaldos, M., AuthorGonzález-Núñez, J., AuthorGosset, E., AuthorHaigron, R., AuthorHalbwachs, J.-L., AuthorHarrison, D. L., AuthorHatzidimitriou, D., AuthorHeiter, U., AuthorHernández, J., AuthorHestroffer, D., AuthorHoll, B., AuthorJanßen, K., Authorde Fombelle, G. Jevardat, AuthorJordan, S., AuthorKrone-Martins, A., AuthorLanzafame, A. C., AuthorLöffler, W., AuthorLorca, A., AuthorManteiga, M., AuthorMarchal, O., AuthorMarrese, P. M., AuthorMoitinho, A., AuthorMora, A., AuthorMuinonen, K., AuthorOsborne, P., AuthorPancino, E., AuthorPauwels, T., AuthorRecio-Blanco, A., AuthorRichards, P. J., AuthorRiello, M., AuthorRimoldini, L., AuthorRoegiers, T., AuthorSiopis, C., AuthorSmith, M., AuthorUlla, A., AuthorUtrilla, E., Authorvan Leeuwen, M., Authorvan Reeven, W., AuthorAramburu, A. Abreu, AuthorAccart, S., AuthorAerts, C., AuthorAguado, J. J., AuthorAjaj, M., AuthorAltavilla, G., AuthorÁlvarez, M. A., AuthorCid-Fuentes, J. Álvarez, AuthorAlves, J., AuthorAnderson, R. I., AuthorVarela, E. Anglada, AuthorAntoja, T., AuthorAudard, M., AuthorBaines, D., AuthorBaker, S. G., AuthorBalaguer-Núñez, L., AuthorBalbinot, E., AuthorBalog, Z., AuthorBarache, C., AuthorBarbato, D., AuthorBarros, M., AuthorBartolomé, S., AuthorBassilana, J.-L., AuthorBauchet, N., AuthorBaudesson-Stella, A., AuthorBecciani, U., AuthorBellazzini, M., AuthorBernet, M., AuthorBertone, S., AuthorBianchi, L., AuthorBlanco-Cuaresma, S., AuthorBoch, T., AuthorBombrun, A., AuthorBossini, D., AuthorBouquillon, S., AuthorBragaglia, A., AuthorBramante, L., AuthorBreedt, E., AuthorBressan, A., AuthorBrouillet, N., AuthorBurlacu, A., AuthorBusonero, D., AuthorButkevich, A. G., AuthorBuzzi, R., AuthorCaffau, E., AuthorCancelliere, R., AuthorCánovas, H., AuthorCantat-Gaudin, T., AuthorCarballo, R., AuthorCarlucci, T., AuthorCarnerero, M. I, AuthorCasamiquela, L., AuthorCastellani, M., AuthorCastro-Ginard, A., AuthorSampol, P. Castro, AuthorChaoul, L., AuthorCharlot, P., AuthorChemin, L., AuthorChiavassa, A., AuthorCioni, M.-R. L., AuthorComoretto, G., AuthorCornez, T., AuthorCowell, S., AuthorCrifo, F., AuthorCrosta, M., AuthorCrowley, C., AuthorDafonte, C., AuthorDapergolas, A., AuthorDavid, M., AuthorDavid, P., Authorde Laverny, P., AuthorLuise, F. De, AuthorMarch, R. De, AuthorRidder, J. De, Authorde Souza, R., Authorde Teodoro, P., Authorde Torres, A., AuthorPeloso, E. F. del, AuthorPozo, E. del, AuthorDelgado, A., AuthorDelgado, H. E., AuthorDelisle, J.-B., AuthorMatteo, P. Di, AuthorDiakite, S., AuthorDiener, C., AuthorDistefano, E., AuthorDolding, C., AuthorEappachen, D., AuthorEdvardsson, B., AuthorEnke, H., AuthorEsquej, P., AuthorFabre, C., AuthorFabrizio, M., AuthorFaigler, S., AuthorFedorets, G., AuthorFernique, P., AuthorFienga, A., AuthorFigueras, F., AuthorFouron, C., AuthorFragkoudi, F.1, Author           Fraile, E., AuthorFranke, F., AuthorGai, M., AuthorGarabato, D., AuthorGarcia-Gutierrez, A., AuthorGarcía-Torres, M., AuthorGarofalo, A., AuthorGavras, P., AuthorGerlach, E., AuthorGeyer, R., AuthorGiacobbe, P., AuthorGilmore, G., AuthorGirona, S., AuthorGiuffrida, G., AuthorGomel, R., AuthorGomez, A., AuthorGonzalez-Santamaria, I., AuthorGonzález-Vidal, J. J., AuthorGranvik, M., AuthorGutiérrez-Sánchez, R., AuthorGuy, L. P., AuthorHauser, M., AuthorHaywood, M., AuthorHelmi, A., AuthorHidalgo, S. L., AuthorHilger, T., AuthorHładczuk, N., AuthorHobbs, D., AuthorHolland, G., AuthorHuckle, H. E., AuthorJasniewicz, G., AuthorJonker, P. G., AuthorCampillo, J. Juaristi, AuthorJulbe, F., AuthorKarbevska, L., AuthorKervella, P., AuthorKhanna, S., AuthorKochoska, A., AuthorKontizas, M., AuthorKordopatis, G., AuthorKorn, A. J., AuthorKostrzewa-Rutkowska, Z., AuthorKruszyńska, K., AuthorLambert, S., AuthorLanza, A. F., AuthorLasne, Y., AuthorLe Campion, J.-F., AuthorLe Fustec, Y., AuthorLebreton, Y., AuthorLebzelter, T., AuthorLeccia, S., AuthorLeclerc, N., AuthorLecoeur-Taibi, I., AuthorLiao, S., AuthorLicata, E., AuthorLindstrøm, H. E. P., AuthorLister, T. A., AuthorLivanou, E., AuthorLobel, A., AuthorPardo, P. Madrero, AuthorManagau, S., AuthorMann, R. G., AuthorMarchant, J. M., AuthorMarconi, M., AuthorSantos, M. M. S. Marcos, AuthorMarinoni, S., AuthorMarocco, F., AuthorMarshall, D. J., AuthorPolo, L. Martin, AuthorMartín-Fleitas, J. M., AuthorMasip, A., AuthorMassari, D., AuthorMastrobuono-Battisti, A., AuthorMazeh, T., AuthorMcMillan, P. J., AuthorMessina, S., AuthorMillar, N. R., AuthorMints, A., AuthorMolina, D., AuthorMolinaro, R., AuthorMolnár, L., AuthorMontegriffo, P., AuthorMor, R., AuthorMorbidelli, R., AuthorMorel, T., AuthorMorris, D., AuthorMulone, A. F., AuthorMunoz, D., AuthorMuraveva, T., AuthorMurphy, C. P., AuthorMusella, I., AuthorNoval, L., AuthorOrdénovic, C., AuthorOrrù, G., AuthorOsinde, J., AuthorPagani, C., AuthorPagano, I., AuthorPalaversa, L., AuthorPalicio, P. A., AuthorPanahi, A., AuthorPawlak, M., AuthorEsteller, X. Peñalosa, AuthorPenttilä, A., AuthorPiersimoni, A. M., AuthorPineau, F.-X., AuthorPlachy, E., AuthorPlum, G., AuthorPoggio, E., AuthorPoretti, E., AuthorPoujoulet, E., AuthorPrša, A., AuthorPulone, L., AuthorRacero, E., AuthorRagaini, S., AuthorRainer, M., AuthorRaiteri, C. M., AuthorRambaux, N., AuthorRamos, P., AuthorRamos-Lerate, M., AuthorFiorentin, P. Re, AuthorRegibo, S., AuthorRipepi, V., AuthorRiva, A., AuthorRixon, G., AuthorRobichon, N., AuthorRobin, C., AuthorRoelens, M., AuthorRohrbasser, L., AuthorRomero-Gómez, M., AuthorRowell, N., AuthorRoyer, F., AuthorRybicki, K. A., AuthorSadowski, G., AuthorSellés, A. Sagristà, AuthorSalgado, J., AuthorSalguero, E., AuthorSamaras, N., AuthorGimenez, V. Sanchez, AuthorSanna, N., AuthorSantoveña, R., AuthorSarasso, M., AuthorSchultheis, M., AuthorSciacca, E., AuthorSegol, M., AuthorSegovia, J. C., AuthorSégransan, D., AuthorSemeux, D., AuthorShahaf, S., AuthorSiddiqui, H. I., AuthorSiebert, A., AuthorSiltala, L., AuthorSlezak, E., AuthorSolano, E., AuthorSolitro, F., AuthorSouami, D., AuthorSouchay, J., AuthorSpagna, A., AuthorSpoto, F., AuthorSteele, I. A., AuthorSteidelmüller, H., AuthorStephenson, C. A., AuthorSüveges, M., AuthorSzabados, L., AuthorSzegedi-Elek, E., AuthorTaris, F., AuthorTauran, G., AuthorTaylor, M. B., AuthorTeixeira, R., AuthorThuillot, W., AuthorTonello, N., AuthorTorra, F., AuthorTorray, J., AuthorTuron, C., AuthorUnger, N., AuthorVaillant, M., Authorvan Dillen, E., AuthorVanel, O., AuthorVecchiato, A., AuthorViala, Y., AuthorVicente, D., AuthorVoutsinas, S., AuthorWeiler, M., AuthorWevers, T., AuthorWyrzykowski, Ł., AuthorYoldas, A., AuthorYvard, P., AuthorZhao, H., AuthorZorec, J., AuthorZucker, S., AuthorZurbach, C., AuthorZwitter, T., Author more..
1Computational Structure Formation, MPI for Astrophysics, Max Planck Society, ou_2205642              


Free keywords: -
 Abstract: Aims. We produce a clean and well-characterised catalogue of objects within 100 pc of the Sun from the Gaia Early Data Release 3. We characterise the catalogue through comparisons to the full data release, external catalogues, and simulations. We carry out a first analysis of the science that is possible with this sample to demonstrate its potential and best practices for its use.

Methods. Theselection of objects within 100 pc from the full catalogue used selected training sets, machine-learning procedures, astrometric quantities, and solution quality indicators to determine a probability that the astrometric solution is reliable. The training set construction exploited the astrometric data, quality flags, and external photometry. For all candidates we calculated distance posterior probability densities using Bayesian procedures and mock catalogues to define priors. Any object with reliable astrometry and a non-zero probability of being within 100 pc is included in the catalogue.

Results. We have produced a catalogue of 331 312 objects that we estimate contains at least 92% of stars of stellar type M9 within 100 pc of the Sun. We estimate that 9% of the stars in this catalogue probably lie outside 100 pc, but when the distance probability function is used, a correct treatment of this contamination is possible. We produced luminosity functions with a high signal-to-noise ratio for the main-sequence stars, giants, and white dwarfs. We examined in detail the Hyades cluster, the white dwarf population, and wide-binary systems and produced candidate lists for all three samples. We detected local manifestations of several streams, superclusters, and halo objects, in which we identified 12 members of Gaia Enceladus. We present the first direct parallaxes of five objects in multiple systems within 10 pc of the Sun.

Conclusions. We provide the community with a large, well-characterised catalogue of objects in the solar neighbourhood. This is a primary benchmark for measuring and understanding fundamental parameters and descriptive functions in astronomy.


 Dates: 2021-04-28
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039498
 Degree: -



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Title: Astronomy and Astrophysics
  Other : Astron. Astrophys.
Source Genre: Journal
Publ. Info: Les Ulis Cedex A France : EDP Sciences
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 649 Sequence Number: A6 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1432-0746
ISSN: 0004-6361
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954922828219_1