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  Zooarchaeology through the lens of collagen fingerprinting at Denisova Cave

Brown, S., Wang, N., Oertle, A., Kozlikin, M. B., Shunkov, M. V., Derevianko, A. P., et al. (2021). Zooarchaeology through the lens of collagen fingerprinting at Denisova Cave. Scientific Reports, 11(1): 15457. doi:10.1038/s41598-021-94731-2.

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(last seen: August 2021)
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 Creators:
Brown, Samantha1, Author           
Wang, Naihui2, Author           
Oertle, Annette, Author
Kozlikin, Maxim B., Author
Shunkov, Michael V., Author
Derevianko, Anatoly P., Author
Comeskey, Daniel, Author
Jope-Street, Blair2, Author           
Harvey, Virginia L., Author
Chowdhury, Manasij Pal, Author
Buckley, Michael, Author
Higham, Thomas, Author
Douka, Katerina1, 2, Author           
Affiliations:
1FINDER, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2541700              
2Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              

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Free keywords: Archaeology, Palaeontology
 Abstract: Denisova Cave, a Pleistocene site in the Altai Mountains of Russian Siberia, has yielded significant fossil and lithic evidence for the Pleistocene in Northern Asia. Abundant animal and human bones have been discovered at the site, however, these tend to be highly fragmented, necessitating new approaches to identifying important hominin and faunal fossils. Here we report the results for 8253 bone fragments using ZooMS. Through the integration of this new ZooMS-based data with the previously published macroscopically-identified fauna we aim to create a holistic picture of the zooarchaeological record of the site. We identify trends associated with climate variability throughout the Middle and Upper Pleistocene as well as patterns explaining the process of bone fragmentation. Where morphological analysis of bones from the site have identified a high proportion of carnivore bones (30.2%), we find that these account for only 7.6% of the ZooMS assemblage, with large mammals between 3 and 5 more abundant overall. Our analysis suggests a cyclical pattern in fragmentation of bones which sees initial fragmentation by hominins using percussive tools and secondary carnivore action, such as gnawing and digestion, likely furthering the initial human-induced fragmentation.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-07-29
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 10
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: Introduction
Materials
Results
- Comparing datasets
- East chamber
- Main Chamber
Discussion
- Patterns of faunal variablility
- Faunal patterns and palaeoclimate
- Animal size and impact on ZooMS-based fauna patterns
Conclusions
Methods
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-94731-2
Other: shh3001
 Degree: -

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Project name : FINDER
Grant ID : 715069
Funding program : Horizon 2020 (H2020)
Funding organization : European Commission (EC)

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Title: Scientific Reports
  Abbreviation : Sci. Rep.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London, UK : Nature Publishing Group
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 11 (1) Sequence Number: 15457 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2045-2322
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2045-2322