English
 
Help Privacy Policy Disclaimer
  Advanced SearchBrowse

Item

ITEM ACTIONSEXPORT
  Toddlers search longer when there is more information to be gained

Ruggeri, A., Pelz, M., Gopnik, A., & Schulz, E. (2021). Toddlers search longer when there is more information to be gained. PsyArXiv, 3 August 2021.

Item is

Files

show Files

Locators

show
hide
Description:
-

Creators

show
hide
 Creators:
Ruggeri, Azzurra1, Author              
Pelz, Madeline, Author
Gopnik, Alison, Author
Schulz, Eric2, Author              
Affiliations:
1Max Planck Research Group iSearch - Information Search, Ecological and Active learning Research with Children, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Max Planck Society, ou_2421693              
2External Organizations, ou_persistent22              

Content

show
hide
Free keywords: -
 Abstract: One of the greatest challenges for artificial intelligence is how to behave adaptively in scenarios with uncertain or no rewards. One---and perhaps the only---way to approach such complex learning problems is to build simple algorithms that grow into sophisticated adaptive agents, just like children do. But what drives children to explore and learn when external rewards are absent? Across three studies, we tested whether information gain itself acts as an internal reward and motivates children's actions. We measured 24- to 56-month-olds’ persistence in a game where they had to search for an object (animal or toy), which they never find, hidden behind a series of doors, manipulating the degree of uncertainty about \emph{which specific object} was hidden. We found that children were more persistent in their search when there was higher uncertainty, and therefore more information to be gained with each action, highlighting the importance of research on artificial intelligence to invest in curiosity-driven algorithms.

Details

show
hide
Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: No review
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.31234/osf.io/uzdvp
 Degree: -

Event

show

Legal Case

show

Project information

show

Source 1

show
hide
Title: PsyArXiv
Source Genre: Web Page
 Creator(s):
Affiliations:
Publ. Info: -
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: 3 August 2021 Start / End Page: - Identifier: -