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  Taphonomy of an excavated striped hyena (Hyaena hyaena) den in Arabia: implications for paleoecology and prehistory

Stewart, M., Andrieux, E., Clark-Wilson, R., Vanwezer, N., Blinkhorn, J., Armitage, S. J., et al. (2021). Taphonomy of an excavated striped hyena (Hyaena hyaena) den in Arabia: implications for paleoecology and prehistory. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, 13(8): 139. doi:/10.1007/s12520-021-01365-6.

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 Creators:
Stewart, Mathew1, 2, Author           
Andrieux, Eric, Author
Clark-Wilson, Richard, Author
Vanwezer, Nils2, Author           
Blinkhorn, James2, 3, Author           
Armitage, Simon J., Author
al Omari, Abdulaziz, Author
Zahrani, Badr, Author
Alqahtani, Mesfer, Author
Al-Shanti, Mahmoud, Author
Zalmout, Iyad, Author
Al-Mufarreh, Yahya S. A., Author
Alsharekh, Abdullah M., Author
Boivin, Nicole2, Author           
Petraglia, Michael D.2, Author           
Groucutt, Huw S.1, 2, Author           
Affiliations:
1Max Planck Research Group Extreme Events, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_3262629              
2Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              
3Lise Meitner Pan-African Evolution Research Group, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_3033582              

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Free keywords: Carnivore, Bone accumulation, Livestock, Lava tube, Arabian Peninsula, Holocene
 Abstract: Studies of modern carnivore accumulations of bone (i.e., neo-taphonomy) are crucial for interpreting fossil accumulations in the archaeological and paleontological records. Yet, studies in arid regions have been limited in both number and detailed taphonomic data, prohibiting our understanding of carnivore bone-accumulating and -modifying behavior in dry regions. Here, we present a taphonomic analysis of an impressive carnivore-accumulated bone assemblage from the Umm Jirsan lava tube in the Harrat Khaybar region, Saudi Arabia. The size and composition of the bone accumulation, as well as the presence of hyena skeletal remains and coprolites, suggest that the assemblage was primarily accumulated by striped hyena (Hyaena hyaena). Our findings (1) identify potentially useful criteria for distinguishing between accumulations generated by different species of hyenas; (2) emphasize the need for neo-taphonomic studies for capturing the full variation in carnivore bone-accumulating and modifying behavior; (3) suggest that under the right settings, striped hyena accumulations can serve as good proxies for (paleo)ecology and livestock practices; and (4) highlight the potential for future research at Umm Jirsan, as well as at the numerous nearby lava tube systems. We encourage continued neo-taphonomic efforts in regions important in human prehistory, particularly in arid zones, which have received little research attention.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-07-202021
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 25
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: Introduction
- Study area
Material and methods
Results
- Species representation
- Skeletal part representation
- Bone surface modifications
- Bone fragmentation and fracture patterns
- Mortality profiles
Discussion
- Accumulator(s) of the Umm Jirsan assemblage
- Striped hyena feeding behavior at Umm Jirsan
- Implications for prehistory and paleoecology
Conclusion
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: /10.1007/s12520-021-01365-6
Other: Stewart2021
 Degree: -

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Title: Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences
  Other : Archaeol Anthropol Sci
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Berlin [u.a.] : Springer
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 13 (8) Sequence Number: 139 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1866-9557
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1866-9557