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  Plant wax biomarkers in human evolutionary studies

Patalano, R., Roberts, P., Boivin, N., Petraglia, M. D., & Mercader, J. (2021). Plant wax biomarkers in human evolutionary studies. Evolutionary Anthropology, 21921. doi:10.1002/evan.21921.

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 Creators:
Patalano, Robert1, Author              
Roberts, Patrick1, Author              
Boivin, Nicole1, Author              
Petraglia, Michael D.1, Author              
Mercader, Julio1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              

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Free keywords: biomarkers, climate change, human evolution, paleoclimate, paleoecology, paleoenvironments, stable isotopes
 Abstract: Abstract Plant wax biomarkers are an innovative proxy for reconstructing vegetation composition and structure, rainfall intensity, temperature, and other climatic and environmental dynamics. Traditionally used in earth sciences and climate studies from ?off-site? ocean and lake records, biomarker research is now incorporated in archeology and paleoanthropology to answer questions relating to past human-environment interactions and human evolution. Biomarker research is generating new and exciting information on the ecological context in which Homo and its closest relatives evolved, adapted, and invented stone tool technologies. In this review, we examine plant wax biomarkers and their use in reconstructing past plant landscapes and hydroclimates. We summarize the applications of plant wax molecular proxies in archeological research, assess challenges relating to taphonomy, consider the role of modern plant ecosystems in interpreting ancient habitats, and examine case studies conducted at key paleoanthropological locations in eastern and southern Africa and Europe.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-08-09
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 14
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: 1 Introduction
2 Complementary addition to multi-proxy studies
3 Taphonomic normalization
4 Establishing the plant wax ecology of modern african soil
5 Plant waxes shed light on multiple aspects of human evolution
5.1 Orbital forcing and hominin ecology
5.2 Plant landscape variability
5.3 Hominin targeted ecotones
5.4 Activity areas in caves and rock shelters
6 Where do we go from here?
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1002/evan.21921
Other: shh3012
 Degree: -

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Title: Evolutionary Anthropology
  Other : Evolutionary Anthropology: Issues, News, and Reviews
  Abbreviation : Evol. Anthropol.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: New York, NY : Wiley-Liss
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: 21921 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1520-6505
ISSN: 1060-1538
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925597595