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  Genome of a middle Holocene hunter-gatherer from Wallacea

Carlhoff, S., Duli, A., Nägele, K., Nur, M., Skov, L., Sumantri, I., et al. (2021). Genome of a middle Holocene hunter-gatherer from Wallacea. Nature, 596, 543-547. doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03823-6.

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s This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

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Carlhoff, Selina1, 2, Author              
Duli, Akin, Author
Nägele, Kathrin1, 2, Author              
Nur, Muhammad, Author
Skov, Laurits3, Author              
Sumantri, Iwan, Author
Oktaviana, Adhi Agus, Author
Hakim, Budianto, Author
Burhan, Basran, Author
Syahdar, Fardi Ali, Author
McGahan, David P., Author
Bulbeck, David, Author
Perston, Yinika L., Author
Newman, Kim, Author
Saiful, Andi Muhammad, Author
Ririmasse, Marlon, Author
Chia, Stephen, Author
Hasanuddin, Author
Pulubuhu, Dwia Aries Tina, Author
Suryatman, Author
Supriadi, AuthorJeong, Choongwon, AuthorPeter, Benjamin M.3, Author              Prüfer, Kay1, 2, 4, Author              Powell, Adam1, 5, 6, 7, 8, Author              Krause, Johannes1, 2, Author              Posth, Cosimo1, Author              Brumm, Adam, Author more..
Affiliations:
1Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074310              
2Department of Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Society, ou_3222712              
3Genetic Diversity through Space and Time, Department of Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Society, ou_2559696              
4Ancient Genomes, Department of Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Society, ou_3267100              
5Linguistic and Cultural Evolution, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074311              
6Waves, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2541701              
7Department of Human Behavior Ecology and Culture, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Society, ou_2173689              
8ERC - Waves, Department of Human Behavior Ecology and Culture, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Society, ou_3256592              

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 Abstract: Much remains unknown about the population history of early modern humans in southeast Asia, where the archaeological record is sparse and the tropical climate is inimical to the preservation of ancient human DNA1. So far, only two low-coverage pre-Neolithic human genomes have been sequenced from this region. Both are from mainland Hòabìnhian hunter-gatherer sites: Pha Faen in Laos, dated to 7939–7751 calibrated years before present (yr cal bp; present taken as ad 1950), and Gua Cha in Malaysia (4.4–4.2 kyr cal bp)1. Here we report, to our knowledge, the first ancient human genome from Wallacea, the oceanic island zone between the Sunda Shelf (comprising mainland southeast Asia and the continental islands of western Indonesia) and Pleistocene Sahul (Australia–New Guinea). We extracted DNA from the petrous bone of a young female hunter-gatherer buried 7.3–7.2 kyr cal bp at the limestone cave of Leang Panninge2 in South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Genetic analyses show that this pre-Neolithic forager, who is associated with the ‘Toalean’ technocomplex3,4, shares most genetic drift and morphological similarities with present-day Papuan and Indigenous Australian groups, yet represents a previously unknown divergent human lineage that branched off around the time of the split between these populations approximately 37,000 years ago5. We also describe Denisovan and deep Asian-related ancestries in the Leang Panninge genome, and infer their large-scale displacement from the region today.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-08-26
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1038/s41586-021-03823-6
BibTex Citekey: Carlhoff2021
 Degree: -

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Title: Nature
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Nature Publishing Group
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 596 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 543 - 547 Identifier: ISSN: 1476-4687