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  Dynamic changes in genomic and social structures in third millennium BCE central Europe

Papac, L., Ernée, M., Dobeš, M., Langová, M., Rohrlach, A. B., Aron, F., et al. (2021). Dynamic changes in genomic and social structures in third millennium BCE central Europe. Science Advances, 7(35): eabi6941. doi:10.1126/sciadv.abi6941.

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Papac_Dynamic_SciAdvan_2021.pdf (Publisher version), 3MB
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Copyright © 2021 The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S. Government Works. Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial License 4.0 (CC BY-NC). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial license, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, so long as the resultant use is not for commercial advantage and provided the original work is properly cited.
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Papac_Dynamic_SciAdvan_Suppl_2021.pdf (Supplementary material), 8MB
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Copyright © 2021 The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S. Government Works. Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial License 4.0 (CC BY-NC). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial license, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, so long as the resultant use is not for commercial advantage and provided the original work is properly cited.

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 Creators:
Papac, Luka1, 2, Author              
Ernée, Michal, Author
Dobeš, Miroslav, Author
Langová, Michaela, Author
Rohrlach, Adam Ben1, 2, Author              
Aron, Franziska, Author
Neumann, Gunnar U.1, 2, Author              
Spyrou, Maria A.1, 2, Author              
Rohland, Nadin, Author
Velemínský, Petr, Author
Kuna, Martin, Author
Brzobohatá, Hana, Author
Culleton, Brendan, Author
Daněček, David, Author
Danielisová, Alžběta, Author
Dobisíková, Miluše, Author
Hložek, Josef, Author
Kennett, Douglas J., Author
Klementová, Jana, Author
Kostka, Michal, Author
Krištuf, Petr, AuthorKuchařík, Milan, AuthorHlavová, Jana Kuljavceva, AuthorLimburský, Petr, AuthorMalyková, Drahomíra, AuthorMattiello, Lucia, AuthorPecinovská, Monika, AuthorPetriščáková, Katarína, AuthorPrůchová, Erika, AuthorStránská, Petra, AuthorSmejtek, Lubor, AuthorŠpaček, Jaroslav, AuthorŠumberová, Radka, AuthorŠvejcar, Ondřej, AuthorTrefný, Martin, AuthorVávra, Miloš, AuthorKolář, Jan, AuthorHeyd, Volker, AuthorKrause, Johannes1, 3, Author              Pinhasi, Ron, AuthorReich, David, AuthorSchiffels, Stephan1, Author              Haak, Wolfgang1, 2, Author               more..
Affiliations:
1Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074310              
2PALEoRIDER, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2541702              
3Department of Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Society, ou_3222712              

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 Abstract: Europe’s prehistory oversaw dynamic and complex interactions of diverse societies, hitherto unexplored at detailed regional scales. Studying 271 human genomes dated ~4900 to 1600 BCE from the European heartland, Bohemia, we reveal unprecedented genetic changes and social processes. Major migrations preceded the arrival of “steppe” ancestry, and at ~2800 BCE, three genetically and culturally differentiated groups coexisted. Corded Ware appeared by 2900 BCE, were initially genetically diverse, did not derive all steppe ancestry from known Yamnaya, and assimilated females of diverse backgrounds. Both Corded Ware and Bell Beaker groups underwent dynamic changes, involving sharp reductions and complete replacements of Y-chromosomal diversity at ~2600 and ~2400 BCE, respectively, the latter accompanied by increased Neolithic-like ancestry. The Bronze Age saw new social organization emerge amid a ≥40% population turnover.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-08-252021
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 17
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abi6941
 Degree: -

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Project name : PAELoRIDERS
Grant ID : 771234
Funding program : Horizon 2020 (H2020)
Funding organization : European Commission (EC)

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Title: Science Advances
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: New York : American Association for the Advancement of Science
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 7 (35) Sequence Number: eabi6941 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2375-2548