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  Deletion of mTOR in liver epithelial cells enhances hepatic metastasis of colon cancer

Jiao, L., Eickhoff, R., Egners, A., Jumpertz, S., Roth, J., Erdem, M., et al. (2021). Deletion of mTOR in liver epithelial cells enhances hepatic metastasis of colon cancer. The Journal of Pathology: an Official Journal of the Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland, 5768. doi:10.1002/path.5768.

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 Creators:
Jiao, Long, Author
Eickhoff, Roman , Author
Egners, Antje , Author
Jumpertz , Sandra, Author
Roth, Johanna, Author
Erdem, Merve , Author
Kroh, Andreas, Author
Duimel, Hans , Author
López-Iglesias, Carmen , Author
Caro, Pilar, Author
Heij, Lara R., Author
Schmeding, Maximilian , Author
Meierhofer, David1, Author              
Neumann, Ulf P ., Author
Cramer, Thorsten, Author
Affiliations:
1Mass Spectrometry Facility (Head: David Meierhofer), Scientific Service (Head: Christoph Krukenkamp), Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1479669              

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Free keywords: liver metastasis; colon cancer; mTOR; NF-κB; inflammation; necroptosis; liver regeneration
 Abstract: Activation of the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway is frequently found in cancer, but mTOR inhibitors have thus far failed to demonstrate significant antiproliferative efficacy in the majority of cancer types. Besides cancer cell-intrinsic resistance mechanisms, it is conceivable that mTOR inhibitors impact on non-malignant host cells in a manner that ultimately supports resistance of cancer cells. Against this background, we sought to analyze the functional consequences of mTOR inhibition in hepatocytes for the growth of metastatic colon cancer. To this end, we established liver epithelial cell (LEC)-specific knockout (KO) of mTOR (mTORLEC) mice. We used these mice to characterize the growth of colorectal liver metastases with or without partial hepatectomy to model different clinical settings. Although the LEC-specific loss of mTOR remained without effect on metastasis growth in intact liver, partial liver resection resulted in the formation of larger metastases in mTORLEC mice compared with wildtype controls. This was accompanied by significantly enhanced inflammatory activity in LEC-specific mTOR KO livers after partial liver resection. Analysis of NF-ĸB target gene expression and immunohistochemistry of p65 displayed a significant activation of NF-ĸB in mTORLEC mice, suggesting a functional importance of this pathway for the observed inflammatory phenotype. Taken together, we show an unexpected acceleration of liver metastases upon deletion of mTOR in LECs. Our results support the notion that non-malignant host cells can contribute to resistance against mTOR inhibitors and encourage testing whether anti-inflammatory drugs are able to improve the efficacy of mTOR inhibitors for cancer therapy. © 2021 The Authors. The Journal of Pathology published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. on behalf of The Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-07-212021-08-25
 Publication Status: Published online
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 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1002/path.5768
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Title: The Journal of Pathology : an Official Journal of the Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland
  Other : J. Pathol.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Edinburgh : Longman
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: 5768 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0022-3417
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954927663103_3