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  Genome of a middle Holocene hunter-gatherer from Wallacea

Carlhoff, S., Duli, A., Nägele, K., Nur, M., Skov, L., Sumantri, I., et al. (2021). Genome of a middle Holocene hunter-gatherer from Wallacea. Nature, 596(7873), 543-547. doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03823-6.

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 Creators:
Carlhoff, Selina1, Author           
Duli, Akin, Author
Nägele, Kathrin1, Author           
Nur, Muhammad, Author
Skov, Lauritis, Author
Sumantri, Iwan, Author
Oktaviana, Adhi Agus, Author
Hakim, Budianto, Author
Burhan, Basran, Author
Syahdar, Fardi Ali, Author
McGahan, David P., Author
Bulbeck, David, Author
Perston, Yinika L., Author
Newman, Kim, Author
Saiful, Andi Muhammad, Author
Ririmasse, Marlon, Author
Chia, Stephen, Author
Hasanuddin, Author
Pulubuhu, Dwia Aries Tina, Author
Suryatman, Author
Supriadi, AuthorJeong, Choongwon, AuthorPeter, Benjamin, AuthorPrüfer, Kay1, Author           Powell, Adam, AuthorKrause, Johannes1, Author           Posth, Cosimo1, Author           Brumm, Adam, Author more..
Affiliations:
1Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074310              

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Free keywords: Archaeology, Evolutionary genetics, Genetic variation, Population genetics
 Abstract: Much remains unknown about the population history of early modern humans in southeast Asia, where the archaeological record is sparse and the tropical climate is inimical to the preservation of ancient human DNA1. So far, only two low-coverage pre-Neolithic human genomes have been sequenced from this region. Both are from mainland Hòabìnhian hunter-gatherer sites: Pha Faen in Laos, dated to 7939–7751 calibrated years before present (yr cal bp; present taken as ad 1950), and Gua Cha in Malaysia (4.4–4.2 kyr cal bp)1. Here we report, to our knowledge, the first ancient human genome from Wallacea, the oceanic island zone between the Sunda Shelf (comprising mainland southeast Asia and the continental islands of western Indonesia) and Pleistocene Sahul (Australia–New Guinea). We extracted DNA from the petrous bone of a young female hunter-gatherer buried 7.3–7.2 kyr cal bp at the limestone cave of Leang Panninge2 in South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Genetic analyses show that this pre-Neolithic forager, who is associated with the ‘Toalean’ technocomplex3,4, shares most genetic drift and morphological similarities with present-day Papuan and Indigenous Australian groups, yet represents a previously unknown divergent human lineage that branched off around the time of the split between these populations approximately 37,000 years ago5. We also describe Denisovan and deep Asian-related ancestries in the Leang Panninge genome, and infer their large-scale displacement from the region today.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-08-252021-08-26
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 23
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: The Toalean burial from Leang Panninge
Genomic analysis
Discussion
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1038/s41586-021-03823-6
Other: shh3026
 Degree: -

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Title: Nature
  Abbreviation : Nature
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London : Nature Publishing Group
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 596 (7873) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 543 - 547 Identifier: ISSN: 0028-0836
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925427238