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  Dynamic changes in genomic and social structures in third millennium BCE central Europe

Papac, L., Ernée, M., Dobeš, M., Langová, M., Rohrlach, A. B., Aron, F., et al. (2021). Dynamic changes in genomic and social structures in third millennium BCE central Europe. Science Advances, 7(35): 6941. doi:10.1126/sciadv.abi6941.

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 Creators:
Papac, Luka1, Author           
Ernée, Michal, Author
Dobeš, Miroslav, Author
Langová, Michaela, Author
Rohrlach, Adam Ben1, Author           
Aron, Franziska1, Author           
Neumann, Gunnar1, Author           
Spyrou, Maria A.1, Author           
Rohland, Nadin, Author
Velemínský, Petr, Author
Kuna, Martin, Author
Brzobohatá, Hana, Author
Culleton, Brendan, Author
Daněček, David, Author
Danielisová, Alžběta, Author
Dobisíková, Miluše, Author
Hložek, Josef, Author
Kennett, Douglas J., Author
Klementová, Jana, Author
Kostka, Michal, Author
Krištuf, Petr, AuthorKuchařík, Milan, AuthorHlavová, Jana Kuljavceva, AuthorLimburský, Petr, AuthorMalyková, Drahomíra, AuthorMattiello, Lucia, AuthorPetriščáková, Monika PecinovskáKatarína, AuthorPrůchová, Erika, AuthorStránská, Petra, AuthorSmejtek, Lubor, AuthorŠumberová, Jaroslav ŠpačekRadka, AuthorŠvejcar, Ondřej, AuthorTrefný, Martin, AuthorVávra, Miloš, AuthorKolář, Jan, AuthorVolker , Heyd, AuthorKrause, Johannes1, Author           Pinhasi, Ron, AuthorReich, David, AuthorSchiffels, Stephan1, Author           Haak, Wolfgang1, Author            more..
Affiliations:
1Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074310              

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 Abstract: Europe’s prehistory oversaw dynamic and complex interactions of diverse societies, hitherto unexplored at detailed regional scales. Studying 271 human genomes dated ~4900 to 1600 BCE from the European heartland, Bohemia, we reveal unprecedented genetic changes and social processes. Major migrations preceded the arrival of “steppe” ancestry, and at ~2800 BCE, three genetically and culturally differentiated groups coexisted. Corded Ware appeared by 2900 BCE, were initially genetically diverse, did not derive all steppe ancestry from known Yamnaya, and assimilated females of diverse backgrounds. Both Corded Ware and Bell Beaker groups underwent dynamic changes, involving sharp reductions and complete replacements of Y-chromosomal diversity at ~2600 and ~2400 BCE, respectively, the latter accompanied by increased Neolithic-like ancestry. The Bronze Age saw new social organization emerge amid a ≥40% population turnover.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-08-25
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 18
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: Introduction
Results
- General sample overview
- Bohemia before Corded Ware (pre-CW, before ~2800 BCE)
- Corded Ware
- Bell Beaker
- EBA—Únětice culture
Discussion
Materials and methods
- Processing sites for the newly reported individuals
- Sampling
- DNA extraction
- DNA libraries and in-solution capture
- Sequencing
- Sex determination and authentication
- Genotyping
- Mitochondrial and Y chromosome haplogroups
- Principal components analysis
- Ancestry decomposition and admixture modeling
- Y haplogroup frequency simulations
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abi6941
Other: shh3028
 Degree: -

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Project name : PALEoRIDER
Grant ID : 771234
Funding program : Horizon 2020 (H2020)
Funding organization : European Commission (EC)

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Title: Science Advances
  Other : Sci. Adv.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Washington : AAAS
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 7 (35) Sequence Number: 6941 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2375-2548
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2375-2548