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  Revisiting Kalundu Mound, Zambia: implications for the timing of social and subsistence transitions in Iron Age Southern Africa

Goldstein, S. T., Crowther, A., Henry, E. R., Janzen, A., Katongo, M., Brown, S., et al. (2021). Revisiting Kalundu Mound, Zambia: implications for the timing of social and subsistence transitions in Iron Age Southern Africa. African Archaeological Review, s10437-021-09440-y. doi:10.1007/s10437-021-09440-y.

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 Creators:
Goldstein, Steven T.1, Author           
Crowther, Alison1, Author           
Henry, E. R., Author
Janzen, Anneke1, Author           
Katongo, M., Author
Brown, Samantha2, Author           
Farr, Jeremy1, Author           
Le Moyne, Charles1, Author           
Picin, Andrea1, Author           
Richter, Kristine Korzow1, Author           
Boivin, Nicole L.1, Author           
Affiliations:
1Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              
2FINDER, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2541700              

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Free keywords: Zambia, Iron Age, Kalomo, Subsistence, Bayesian modeling, Chronology
 Abstract: Novel trajectories of food production, urbanism, and inter-regional trade fueled the emergence of numerous complex Iron Age polities in central and southern Africa. Renewed research and re-dating efforts in Botswana, Zimbabwe, and along the Swahili Coast are transforming models for how inter-regional interaction spheres contributed to these patterns. While societies in present-day Zambia played an important role in the trade of copper, ivory, gold, and other resources between central and southern Africa, little is known about lifeways during the rise of social complexity in this region. This paper reports the results of re-excavation at Kalundu Mound on the Batoka Plateau of southern Zambia, one of the iconic mound sites of the Iron Age “Kalomo Culture.” New radiocarbon dates were combined with the original dates in a series of Bayesian models, indicating that previous chronologies for the site are not reliable and that the mound site likely developed rapidly from AD 1190 to 1410. Archaeobotanical, zooarchaeological, and paleo-proteomic analyses of excavated materials suggests a broad subsistence base combining wild and domesticated species, including the first reported evidence for finger millet (Eleusine coracana) in the region. Considering these findings, it is necessary to re-evaluate the temporal context of the Kalomo site-group, and to also systematically reinvestigate the systems of exchange and subsistence that supported Later Iron Age complexity.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-08-27
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 31
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: Introduction
Situating Kalundu Mound Within the Regional Archaeology
Kalundu Mound and the Kalomo Culture
- Environmental Setting and Regional History
- The 1957 Excavations
- The 1960–1962 Excavations
- The 2017 Excavations
Results
- Stratigraphy
- Chronology
- Chronological Modeling Results
- Chronology Summary
Subsistence
- Faunal Remains
- Macrobotanical Remains
- Material culture
Discussion
- Site Formation
- Iron Age Agriculture at Kalundu
- Chronology for Kalundu Mound and the Kalomo Group
Conclusion
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1007/s10437-021-09440-y
Other: shh3029
 Degree: -

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Title: African Archaeological Review
  Abbreviation : Afr Archaeol Rev
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Berlin : Springer Science+Business Media B.V
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: s10437-021-09440-y Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0263-0338
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/0263-0338