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  Keeping the breath in mind: Respiration, neural oscillations, and the free energy principle

Boyadzhieva, A., & Kayhan, E. (2021). Keeping the breath in mind: Respiration, neural oscillations, and the free energy principle. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 15: 647579. doi:10.3389/fnins.2021.647579.

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Boyadzhieva_2021.pdf (Publisher version), 542KB
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 Creators:
Boyadzhieva, Asena1, Author
Kayhan, Ezgi2, 3, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department of Philosophy, University Vienna, Austria, ou_persistent22              
2Department of Developmental Psychology, University of Potsdam, Germany, ou_persistent22              
3Max Planck Research Group Early Social Cognition, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_2355694              

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Free keywords: Interoception; Respiration-entrained neural oscillations; Controlled breathing; Free-energy principle; Self-regulation
 Abstract: Scientific interest in the brain and body interactions has been surging in recent years. One fundamental yet underexplored aspect of brain and body interactions is the link between the respiratory and the nervous systems. In this article, we give an overview of the emerging literature on how respiration modulates neural, cognitive and emotional processes. Moreover, we present a perspective linking respiration to the free-energy principle. We frame volitional modulation of the breath as an active inference mechanism in which sensory evidence is recontextualized to alter interoceptive models. We further propose that respiration-entrained gamma oscillations may reflect the propagation of prediction errors from the sensory level up to cortical regions in order to alter higher level predictions. Accordingly, controlled breathing emerges as an easily accessible tool for emotional, cognitive, and physiological regulation.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-01-052021-05-272021-06-29
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3389/fnins.2021.647579
Other: eCollection 2021
PMID: 34267621
PMC: PMC8275985
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Title: Frontiers in Neuroscience
  Other : Front Neurosci
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Lausanne, Switzerland : Frontiers Research Foundation
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 15 Sequence Number: 647579 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1662-4548
ISSN: 1662-453X
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1662-4548