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  Associated functional network development and language abilities in children

Qi, T., Schaadt, G., & Friederici, A. D. (2021). Associated functional network development and language abilities in children. NeuroImage, 242: 118452. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2021.118452.

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 Creators:
Qi, Ting1, Author           
Schaadt, Gesa1, 2, Author           
Friederici, Angela D.1, Author           
Affiliations:
1Department Neuropsychology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634551              
2Department of Education and Psychology, FU Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Language development; Sentence comprehension; Brain development; Resting-state functional connectivity; Young children; Prefrontal cortex
 Abstract: During childhood, the brain is gradually converging to the efficient functional architecture observed in adults. How the brain's functional architecture evolves with age, particularly in young children, is however, not well understood. We examined the functional connectivity of the core language regions, in association with cortical growth and language abilities, in 175 young children in the age range of 4 to 9 years. We analyzed the brain's developmental changes using resting-state functional and T1-weighted structural magnetic resonance imaging data. The results showed increased functional connectivity strength with age between the pars triangularis of the left inferior frontal gyrus and left temporoparietal regions (cohen's d = 0.54, CI: 0.24 - 0.84), associated with children's language abilities. Stronger functional connectivity between bilateral prefrontal and temporoparietal regions was associated with better language abilities regardless of age. In addition, the stronger functional connectivity between the left inferior frontal and temporoparietal regions was associated with larger surface area and thinner cortical thickness in these regions, which in turn was associated with superior language abilities. Thus, using functional and structural brain indices, coupled with behavioral measures, we elucidate the association of functional language network development, language ability, and cortical growth, thereby adding to our understanding of the neural basis of language acquisition in young children.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-07-142021-03-092021-08-032021-08-042021-11-15
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2021.118452
Other: epub 2021
PMID: 34358655
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Project name : -
Grant ID : ERC-2010-AdG 20100407
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Funding organization : European Research Council
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Grant ID : M.FE.A.NEPF0001
Funding program : -
Funding organization : Fraunhofer Society

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Title: NeuroImage
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Orlando, FL : Academic Press
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 242 Sequence Number: 118452 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1053-8119
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954922650166