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  Development of functional network architecture explains changes in children's altruistically motivated helping

Hoffmann, F., Grosse Wiesmann, C., Singer, T., & Steinbeis, N. (2022). Development of functional network architecture explains changes in children's altruistically motivated helping. Developmental Science, 25(2): e13167. doi:10.1111/desc.13167.

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 Creators:
Hoffmann, Ferdinand1, Author
Grosse Wiesmann, Charlotte2, Author              
Singer, Tania3, Author
Steinbeis, Nikolaus4, Author
Affiliations:
1Charité University Medicine Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              
2Department Neuropsychology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634551              
3Social Neuroscience Lab, Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              
4Department of Psychology and Language Sciences, Faculty of Brain Sciences, University College London, United Kingdom, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Altruistic motivation; Development; Empathy network; Helping; Middle childhood; Prosocial behaviour
 Abstract: Childhood is marked by profound changes in prosocial behaviour. The underlying motivational mechanisms remain poorly understood. We investigated the development of altruistically motivated helping in middle childhood and the neurocognitive and -affective mechanisms driving this development. One-hundred and twenty seven 6–12 year-old children performed a novel gustatory costly helping task designed to measure altruistic motivations of helping behaviour. Neurocognitive and -affective mechanisms including emotion regulation, emotional clarity and attentional reorienting were assessed experimentally through an extensive task-battery while functional brain activity and connectivity were measured during an empathy for taste paradigm and during rest. Altruistically motivated helping increased with age. Out of all mechanisms probed for, only emotional clarity increased with age and accounted for altruistically motivated helping. This was associated with greater functional integration of the empathy-related network with fronto-parietal brain regions at rest. We isolate a highly specific neuroaffective mechanism as the crucial driver of altruistically motivated helping during child development.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-08-122022-03
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1111/desc.13167
Other: epub 2021
PMID: 34383977
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Title: Developmental Science
  Other : Dev. Sci.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Oxford, UK : Blackwell
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 25 (2) Sequence Number: e13167 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1363-755X
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/963018343339