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  Cortical processing during table tennis: An fNIRS study in experts and novices

Carius, D., Kenville, R., Maudrich, D., Riechel, J., Lenz, H., & Ragert, P. (2022). Cortical processing during table tennis: An fNIRS study in experts and novices. European Journal of Sport Science, 22(9), 1315-1325. doi:10.1080/17461391.2021.1953155.

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Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Carius, Daniel1, Author
Kenville, Rouven1, 2, Author           
Maudrich, Dennis1, Author
Riechel, Jan1, Author
Lenz, Hannes1, Author
Ragert, Patrick1, 2, Author           
Affiliations:
1Institute of General Kinesiology and Athletics Training, Faculty of Sport Science, University of Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
2Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634549              

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Free keywords: Neuroplasticity; Cortical processing; Naturalistic environments; Near-infrared spectroscopy; Table tennis
 Abstract: Among the many factors that determine top athletic performance, little is known about the contribution of the brain. With the present study, we aimed to uncover aspects of this role by examining modulatory differences in brain processing as a function of expertise and task complexity in table tennis. For this purpose, 28 right-handed volunteers (14 experts and 14 novices) performed two table tennis strokes in a standardized manner. Hemodynamic response alterations reflecting neuronal activation were recorded during task execution using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) and analyzed within and between groups. Our results showed localized activation patterns in motor areas (primary motor cortex (M1), premotor cortex (PMC), and inferior parietal cortex (IPC)) for experts and novices. Compared to novices, experts completed more table tennis strokes and showed a significant increase in hemodynamic response alterations in channels corresponding to motor areas. Furthermore, we found significant correlations between the number of strokes and hemodynamic response magnitudes in individual channels of M1, PMC, and IPC. Taken together, our findings show that table tennis performance is accompanied by extensive activation of M1, PMC, and IPC. Furthermore, the observed difference in behavioral performance between experts and novices was associated with increased activation in M1, PMC, and IPC. We postulate that these differences in brain processing between experts and novices potentially imply modulatory distinctions related to increased movement speed or frequency but may also reflect an increased task familiarity of the experts.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-08-172022-09
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1080/17461391.2021.1953155
Other: epub 2021
PMID: 34228601
 Degree: -

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Title: European Journal of Sport Science
Source Genre: Journal
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Affiliations:
Publ. Info: Abingdon : Taylor & Francis
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 22 (9) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 1315 - 1325 Identifier: ISSN: 1746-1391
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1746-1391