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  The influence of anger on empathy and theory of mind

Weiblen, R., Mairon, N., Krach, S., Buades-Rotger, M., Nahum, M., Kanske, P., et al. (2021). The influence of anger on empathy and theory of mind. PLoS One, 16(7): e0255068. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0255068.

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 Creators:
Weiblen, Ronja1, 2, Author
Mairon, Noam3, Author
Krach, Sören2, 4, Author
Buades-Rotger, Macià1, Author
Nahum, Mor3, Author
Kanske, Philipp5, 6, Author           
Perry, Anat7, Author
Krämer, Ulrike M.1, 4, 8, Author
Affiliations:
1Department of Neurology, University of Lübeck, Germany, ou_persistent22              
2Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Lübeck, Germany, ou_persistent22              
3School of Occupational Therapy, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel, ou_persistent22              
4Center of Brain, Behavior and Metabolism (CBBM), University of Lübeck, Germany, ou_persistent22              
5Chair for Clinical Psychology and Behavioral Neuroscience, Faculty of Psychology, TU Dresden, Germany, ou_persistent22              
6Research Group Social Stress and Family Health, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_3025667              
7Department of Psychology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel, ou_persistent22              
8Department of Psychology, University of Lübeck, Germany, ou_persistent22              

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 Abstract: Social cognition allows humans to understand and predict other people's behavior by inferring or sharing their emotions, intentions and beliefs. Few studies have investigated the impact of one's own emotional state on understanding others. Here, we tested the effect of being in an angry state on empathy and theory of mind (ToM). In a between-groups design we manipulated anger status with different paradigms in three studies (autobiographical recall (N = 45), negative feedback (N = 49), frustration (N = 46)) and checked how this manipulation affected empathic accuracy and performance in the EmpaToM. All paradigms were successful in inducing mild anger. We did not find the expected effect of anger on empathy or ToM performance but observed small behavioral changes. Together, our results validate the use of three different anger induction paradigms and speak for rather weak behavioral effects of mild state anger on empathy and ToM.

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 Dates: 2021-04-142021-07-082021-07-29
 Publication Status: Published online
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0255068
Other: eCollection 2021
PMID: 34324527
PMC: PMC8321371
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Grant ID : KR3691/8-1
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Funding organization : Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)

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Title: PLoS One
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: San Francisco, CA : Public Library of Science
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 16 (7) Sequence Number: e0255068 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1932-6203
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1000000000277850