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  Palaeogenomic analysis of black rat (Rattus rattus) reveals multiple European introductions associated with human economic history

Yu, H., Jamieson, A., Hulme-Beaman, A., Conroy, C. J., Knight, B., Speller, C., et al. (2021). Palaeogenomic analysis of black rat (Rattus rattus) reveals multiple European introductions associated with human economic history. bioRxiv, 439553. doi:10.1101/2021.04.14.439553.

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Yu, He1, Author              
Jamieson, Alexandra, Author
Hulme-Beaman, Ardern, Author
Conroy, Chris J., Author
Knight, Becky, Author
Speller, Camilla2, Author
Al-Jarah, Hiba, Author
Eager, Heidi, Author
Trinks, Alexandra, Author
Adikari, Gamini, Author
Baron, Henriette, Author
Böhlendorf-Arslan, Beate, Author
Bohingamuwa, Wijerathne, Author
Crowther, Alison2, Author              
Cucchi, Thomas, Author
Esser, Kinie, Author
Fleisher, Jeffrey, Author
Gidney, Louisa, Author
Gladilina, Elena, Author
Gol’din, Pavel, Author
Goodman, Steven M., AuthorHamilton-Dyer, Sheila, AuthorHelm, Richard, AuthorHillman, Chris, AuthorKallala, Nabil, AuthorKivikero, Hanna, AuthorKovács, Zsófia E., AuthorKarl Kunst, Günther, AuthorKyselý, René, AuthorLinderholm, Anna, AuthorMaraoui-Telmini, Bouthéina, AuthorMorales-Muñiz, Arturo, AuthorNabais, Mariana, AuthorO’Connor, Terry, AuthorOueslati, Tarek, AuthorMorales, Quintana, AuthorM., Eréndira, AuthorPasda, Kerstin, AuthorPerera, Jude, AuthorPerera, Nimal, AuthorRadbauer, Silvia, AuthorRamon, Joan, AuthorRannamäe, Eve, AuthorSanmartí Grego, Joan, AuthorTreasure, Edward, AuthorValenzuela-Lamas, Silvia, Authorvan der Jagt, Inge, AuthorVan Neer, Wim, AuthorVigne, Jean-Denis, AuthorWalker, Thomas, AuthorWynne-Jones, Stephanie, AuthorZeiler, Jørn, AuthorDobney, Keith, AuthorBoivin, Nicole2, Author              Searle, Jeremy B., AuthorKrause-Kyora, Ben1, AuthorKrause, Johannes1, Author              Larson, Greger, AuthorOrton, David, Author more..
Affiliations:
1Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074310              
2Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              

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 Abstract: The distribution of the black rat (Rattus rattus) has been heavily influenced by its association with humans. The dispersal history of this non-native commensal rodent across Europe, however, remains poorly understood, and different introductions may have occurred during the Roman and medieval periods. Here, in order to reconstruct the population history of European black rats, we generated a de novo genome assembly of the black rat, 67 ancient black rat mitogenomes and 36 ancient nuclear genomes from sites spanning the 1st-17th centuries CE in Europe and North Africa. Analyses of mitochondrial DNA confirm that black rats were introduced into the Mediterranean and Europe from Southwest Asia. Genomic analyses of the ancient rats reveal a population turnover in temperate Europe between the 6th and 10th centuries CE, coincident with an archaeologically attested decline in the black rat population. The near disappearance and re-emergence of black rats in Europe may have been the result of the breakdown of the Roman Empire, the First Plague Pandemic, and/or post-Roman climatic cooling.Competing Interest StatementThe authors have declared no competing interest.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-04-14
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 35
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: Introduction
Results and Discussion
- The demographic history of Rattus rattus and its closely related species
- A global phylogeography of the black rat based on mitochondrial DNA
- Ancient genomes reveal the relationships of European black rats over space and time
Conclusion
Methods
 Rev. Type: No review
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1101/2021.04.14.439553
Other: shh3020
 Degree: -

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Title: bioRxiv
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: 439553 Start / End Page: - Identifier: URN: https://www.biorxiv.org/